Level: beginner

Yes/No questions

Yes/No questions are questions which we answer with Yes or No. Look at these statements:

They are working hard.
They will be working hard.
They had worked hard.
They have been working hard.
They might have been working hard.

We make Yes/No questions by putting the first part of the verb in front of the subject:

Are they working hard? 
Will they be working hard?
Had they worked hard?
Have they been working hard?
Might they have been working hard?

Yes/No questions 1
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Yes/No questions 2
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Negatives

We make negatives by putting not after the first part of the verb:

They are not working hard.
They will not be working hard.
They had not worked hard.
They have not been working hard.
They might not have been working hard.

In spoken English, we often reduce not to n’t:

They aren't working hard.
They won't be working hard.
They hadn't been working hard.
They haven't been working hard.
They mightn't have been working hard.

Negatives 1

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Negatives 2

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Present simple and past simple questions and negatives

For all verbs except be and have, we use do/does or did to make Yes/No questions in the present simple and past simple:

They work hard. > Do they work hard?
He works hard. Does he work hard?
They worked hard. Did they work hard?

For all verbs except be and have, we use do/does + not or did + not to make negatives in the present simple and past simple:

They work hard. > They do not (don't) work hard
.
He works hard. > He does not (doesn't) work hard.
They worked hard. > They did not (didn't) work hard.

Here are the question forms and negative forms for be in the present simple and past simple:

Positives Questions Negatives
I am (I'm) Am I? I am not (I'm not)
He is (he's) Is he? He is not (He's not/He isn't)
She is (she's) Is she? She is not (She's not/She isn't)
It is (it's) Is it? It is not (It's not/It isn't)
You are (you're) Are you? You are not (You're not/You aren't)
They are (they're) Are they? They are not (They're not/They aren't)
Positives Questions Negatives
I was Was I? I was not (I wasn't)
He was Was he? He was not (He wasn't)
She was Was she? She was not (She wasn't)
It was Was it? It was not (It wasn't)
You were Were you? You were not (You weren't)
They were Were they? They were not (They weren't)

We make questions and negatives with have in two ways. Usually we use do/does or did:

Do you have plenty of time?
Does she have enough money?
Did they have any useful advice?

don't have much time.
She doesn't have any money.
They didn't have any advice to offer.

but we can also make questions by putting have/has or had in front of the subject:

Have you plenty of time?
Has she enough money?
Had they any useful advice?

and make negatives by putting not or n't after have/has or had:

haven't much time.
She hasn't any money.
He hadn't any advice to offer.

Present simple and past simple questions and negatives 1

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Present simple and past simple questions and negatives 2

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Wh-questions

Wh-questions are questions which start with a word like what, when, where, which, who, whose, why and how.

Question words

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Questions with when, where, why

We form wh-questions with these words by putting the question word in front of a Yes/No question:

They are working in a shop. > Where are they working?
They have been working hard for their exams. > Why have they been working hard?
They arrived at six. > When did they arrive?

Questions with who, what, which

When we ask whowhat and which about the object of the verb, we put the question word in front of a Yes/No question:

He is seeing Joe tomorrow. > Who is he seeing tomorrow?
I want a computer for my birthday. > What do you want for your birthday?
I'd prefer some tea. > Which would you prefer, tea or coffee?
Wh-questions 1

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When we ask whowhat and which about the subject of the verb, the question word takes the place of the subject:

Barbara gave me the chocolates. > Who gave you the chocolates?
Something funny happened. > What happened?
The dog frightened the children. > Which dog frightened the children?

We sometimes use what or which with a noun:

What subjects did you study at school?
Which English newspaper started in 1986?
What subjects does everyone have to study?
Which newspaper do you prefer, The Times or the Guardian?

Wh-questions 2

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Questions with how

We use how for many different questions:

How are you?
How do you make questions in English?
How long have you lived here?
How often do you go to the cinema?
How much is this dress?
How old are you?
How many people came to the meeting?

Questions with how 1

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Questions with how 2

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Questions with verbs and prepositions

When we have a question with a verb and a preposition, the preposition usually comes at the end of the question:

gave the money to my brother. > Who did you give the money to?
She comes from Madrid. > Where does she come from?​​​
They were waiting for an hour. > How long were they waiting for?
Questions with verbs and prepositions 1

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Questions with verbs and prepositions 2

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Level: intermediate

Other ways of asking questions

We sometimes use phrases like these in front of a statement to ask questions:

Do you know …?    
I wonder …    
Can you tell me …?

For Yes/No questions, we use the phrases with if:

This is the right house. > Do you know if this is the right house?
Everyone will agree. > I wonder if everyone will agree.
Mr Brown lives here. > Can you tell me if Mr Brown lives here?

For wh-questions, we use the phrases with a question word:

Do you know who lives here?
I wonder how much this dress is.
Can you tell me where she comes from?

We often use do you think …? after question words:

How much do you think this dress is?
Where do you think she comes from?
Who do you think lives here?

Indirect questions 1

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Indirect questions 2

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Negatives with the to-infinitive

 When we make a negative with the to-infinitive, we put not in front of the to-infinitive:

He told us not to make so much noise.
We were asked not to park in front of the house.

Comments

Hello Adya's,

The second one is the correct one -- the auxiliary verb 'did' is omitted before 'clap', but is understood to be there.

No worries about the multiple posts. We monitor all comments before they are published, so we just deleted them. But thanks for letting us know.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks Peter M.

So, does it mean that for the 'Simple Present' statements, which do have an auxiliary verb as the main verb in it , we can't make question with 'DO/DOES'. Therefore, we have to use auxiliary verb in those statements to form the question.

Please explain with the following examples
1) I’m nineteen years old.
2) My name is John
3) You are welcome

Thanks in Advance !

Hello SushilKumar,

The verb 'be' forms its questions by inversion and does not require an auxiliary verb:

I'm nineteen years old > Are you (Am I) nineteen years old?

My name is John > Is my name John?

You are welcome > Are you welcome?

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir,

Why it is mentioned that " The present simple and the past simple have no auxiliary" ?

Because example like " I’m nineteen years old. " , do have an auxiliary verb despite being Simple Present.

Hello SushilKumar,

The verb 'be' can be an auxiliary verb but it can also be a main verb when it appears alone. In your example the verb 'am' appears alone and is the main verb. It would be an auxiliary verb if there were another part to the verb:

I'm working at the office. ['am' is an auxiliary verb]

I'm at the office. ['am' is the main verb]

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir!
I'm a bit confused with this sentence to form a question : The river Tiber flowed round the town so people were safer in Rome.
Would this be the question : Which river did flow round the town so people were safer I Rome?
Thanks in advance!

Hello mohitm,

Yes, I'd say that's the most likely question, though others are possible. Please note, however, that since 'river' is the subject of the verb, it should be: 'Which river flowed round the town ...?'

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi! I would like to know if the sentence "That music is good to hear" is grammatically correct? If not, what would be the correct form? Thanks :)

Hi lingskie,

The phrase is grammatically correct, but we generally use 'good to hear' in reference to good news or some positive comment rather than in the context of nice music. To talk about music we might say 'It's nice to listen to' or 'It's good listening'.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you so much sir for always helping us, english learners with our grammar questions.

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