Level: intermediate

When we know about the future, we normally use the present tense.

1. We use the present simple for something scheduled:

We have a lesson next Monday.
The train arrives at 6.30 in the morning.
The holidays start next week.
It's my birthday tomorrow.

2. We can use the present continuous for plans or arrangements:

I'm playing football tomorrow.
They are coming to see us tomorrow.
We're having a party at Christmas.

3. We use will:

  • when we express beliefs about the future:

It will be a nice day tomorrow.
I think Brazil will win the World Cup.
I'm sure you will enjoy the film.

  • to mean want to or be willing to:

I hope you will come to my party.
George says he will help us.

  • to make offers and promises :

I'll see you tomorrow.
We'll send you an email.

  • to talk about offers and promises:

Tim will be at the meeting.
Mary will help with the cooking.

4. We use be going to:

  • to talk about plans or intentions:

I'm going to drive to work today.
They are going to move to Manchester.

  • to make predictions based on evidence we can see:

Be careful! You are going to fall(= I can see that you might fall.)
Look at those black clouds. I think it's going to rain(= I can see that it will rain.)

5. We use will be with an -ing form for something happening before and after a specific time in the future:

I'll be working at eight o'clock. Can you come later?
They'll be waiting for you when you arrive.

6. We can use will be with an -ing form instead of the present continuous or be going to when we are talking about plans, arrangements and intentions:

They'll be coming to see us next week.
I'll be driving to work tomorrow.

7. We often use verbs like would like, plan, want, mean, hope, expect to talk about the future:

What are you going to do next year? I'd like to go to university.
We plan to go to France for our holidays.
George wants to buy a new car.

8. We use modals may, might and could when we are not sure about the future:

I might stay at home tonight or I might go to the cinema.
We could see Mary at the meeting. She sometimes goes.

9. We can use should if we think there's a good chance of something happening:

We should be home in time for tea.
The game should be over by eight o'clock.

Talking about the future 1

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Talking about the future 2

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The future in time clauses and if-clauses 

In time clauses with words like when, after, until we often use present tense forms to talk about the future:

I'll come home when I finish work.
You must wait here until your father comes.
They are coming after they have had dinner.

In clauses with if we often use present tense forms to talk about the future:

We won't be able to go out if it is raining.
If Barcelona lose tomorrow, they will be champions.

 

Be careful!
We do not normally use will in time clauses and if-clauses:

I'll come home when I finish work. (NOT will finish work)
We won’t be able to go out if it rains(NOT will rain)

but we can use will if it means want to or be willing to:

I will be very happy if you will come to my party.
We should finish the job early if George will help us.

Comments

good afternoon ,
   I want to know in depth about in which contexts we can use present tense when  we are dealing with past things...............

Hello DG_ENGLISH!
 
A good place to start would be looking at our page on the present tense, not our page about the future! There is an exercise on that page to practice the uses of the present tense when talking about the past. If you have a look at the comments on that page, you'll see several other students have asked about this too - have a look at the replies!
 
Regards
 
Jeremy Bee
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear LearnEnglish Team,
I have a few questions and I hope you will help me.
I want to know:
Which is the difference between "I have been" and "I have gone"?
Please,help me. 
                                         Thank you!

Dear All
I hope my message finds you all well,
I was wondering if you could possibly help me to understand the differences between this kind of sentences 
"The customer has been informed"
"The customer is informed"
"The customer was informed"
I just need to know when to use every one 
and also I usually get lost between the following 
The worst didn't come yet, and, The worst hasn't come yet, and the worst is yet to come, and from what I could tell is the last one is the right but why the others is wrong,
finally what can I do in order to not fall in this mistakes again, I mean which section I need to work on 
Thanks and best regards 
 

Hello Alexman!
 
That's a lot of questions! They are mostly about the different tenses in English.
 
'The customer has been informed' is an example of the present perfect passive. This sentence means that the customer knows the information already - and it doesn't matter when someone told him.

'The customer was informed' is an example of the simple past passive. In a conversation, the time might be clear, but this sentence looks unfinished to me, because we use the simple past to talk about a finished action at a particular time. I expect to see 'The customer was informed (yesterday/last week...)'.
 
'The customer is informed' is a bit different. I don't think we would say that using informed as a verb. However, if you use informed as an adjective, it means knows a lot, so this sentence could mean the customer knows a lot.
 
Saying when to use each one is very difficult, because it depends on what you mean!
 
For your second question, 'The worst hasn't come yet' is the present perfect with yet - it means something bad didn't happen, but might happen soon (Compare with 'The bus hasn't come yet'). 'The worst didn't come yet' is not used in British English, but is used in US English, and means the same thing. 'The worst is yet to come' is an old fashioned way of saying the same thing, but we only usually use this pattern with 'worst' or 'best'.

To practice some of the differences, do a search on 'present perfect' in the search box on the right. Also look up 'Past simple'. You'll see a lot of different pages and examples of how to use these tenses.
 
Finally, remember the English tense system is quite complicated compared to many languages! Many students find some of the tenses difficult to understand!
 
I hope that helps!
 
Regards
 
Jeremy Bee
The LearnEnglish Team
 

Thanks Jeremy, I've enjoyed reading your reply, have a nice day :)

I wish somebody would help me because I will have proximate examination this coming  November. Could anyone give me some advice thanks to all of you. For the moderator GOD bless you all and more power to all of you.

Hi,
I am rather confused with subjunctive mood.

Like for example, "If I were a millionaire, I would..."

So should we say it as "If I were" or "If I was"?

There are other forums that said that one is british and one is american.

So which one is more commOn and will be right when used in examinations?

hi adam and stephen
"They are coming after they have had dinner".
pls explain this phrase to me:how we add have+had in one sentence
i dont understand ?

Hello kragchik!
 
When we want to talk about something that finished just BEFORE something else, we use present perfect. Here, they will come after they have had (eaten) dinner. It is the normal present perfect form, have +pp, but because it is have + had (pp of have), it looks a little confusing! You can read about the present perfect on our site.
 
Hope that's useful!
 
Jeremy Bee
The Learn English Team

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