Level: beginner

Common verbs followed by the -ing form are:

  • verbs of liking and disliking:

detest dislike enjoy fancy hate like love

I love swimming but I hate jogging.
They always enjoyed visiting their friends.

  • phrases with mind:

wouldn't mind (= would like)
don't mind (= I am willing to)
would you mind (= will you please …?)

I wouldn't mind having some fish and chips.
I don't mind waiting for a few minutes.
Would you mind holding this for me?

  • verbs of saying and thinking:

admit consider deny imagine remember suggest

Our leader suggested waiting until the storm was over.
Everyone denied seeing the accident.

  • others:

avoid begin finish keep miss practise risk start stop

I haven't finished writing this letter.
Let's practise speaking English.

Verb + -ing form 1


Verb + -ing form 2


verb + noun + -ing form

Some verbs are followed by a noun and the -ing form:

  • verbs of the senses
see hear listen to smell watch etc.

We saw everybody running away.
I could hear someone singing.

  • others:
catch find imagine leave prevent stop

I caught someone trying to break in to my house.
We couldn’t prevent them getting away.

Verb + noun + -ing form 1


Verb + noun + -ing form 2


Infinitive or -ing form?


Many of the verbs above are sometimes followed by a passive form of -ing (being + past participle):

I don't like being interrupted.
Our dog loves being stroked under the chin.


Hello teachers,

I have a question on the usage of "-ing" form. For native speakers, the sentence "Don't leave water running" sounds totally natural. What about "Don't leave running water"?

In my personal feeling, the second sentence is not so colloquial as the first one, but I'm also thinking about the possibility of saying "there might be running water in this building and don't leave it when you find". And in this case, "don't leave" implies "don't ignore" and "it" should indicate "running water".

So I just want to clarify whether "Don't leave running water" is grammatically incorrect or is widely used as well.

Best Regards,


There is a difference in meaning between the two forms.

Don't leave the water running means remember to turn it off. The verb 'leave' is one of a number of verbs which can be used with an -ing form (or an -ing clause) in this way. For more examples see this page.

Don't leave running water means stay with it. The verb 'leave' here has a literal meaning - to physically remain - and the -ing form has an adjectival role, describing the noun 'water'.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi there,

Would you please elaborate on the passive forms of -ing? I keep hearing - and saying myself - these two sentences:
'I don't mind my picture being taken.' and
'I don't mind having my picture taken.'

Are both correct in terms of grammar? Is it OK to put an object before a verb in the present continuous passive in similar constructions?

Thank you for the answer in advance.

Hi Paul_the_teacher,

Both of those sentences are correct. The construction here is as follows:

not mind + -ing

I don't mind eating pasta.

I don't mind going to the party.


You can replace 'mind' with other verbs like 'hate', 'love', like', 'enjoy' and so on. In this structure the -ing form is a gerund and acts as a direct object; it is not part of a present continous verb phrase. You could use a noun in place of the gerund (e.g. 'I don't mind pasta').

The object can be a longer phrase:

I don't mind eating pasta at the weekend.

I don't mind going to the party with my friends on Saturdays.


Note that these are still objects. You can use the same -ing phrases as subjects:

Eating pasta at the weekend is nice.

Or, to use your example:

Having my picture taken always makes me feel self-conscious.

My picture being taken doesn't bother me.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi peter,

I have gone through clause Analysis and its rules but I am still not clear with clause. Would you please help.

I am eagerly waiting for your response.

Thank you.

Hello Aamir khan,

We are happy to help you understand the explanation on this page, but could you please ask a more specific question? Thanks in advance.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi, I'm going to be joining an exam, so I have to figure this out now., Please don't delete it again, duh, albeit my question may have nothing to do with this section. Thanks.

Hi Peter..Can you confirm if the following sentences are correct?
1. I am seeing new errors on the circuit. (I feel 'observing' is the right word to be used here.)
2. The network is having a connectivity issue. (I feel 'facing' is the right word to be used here.)
Is seeing only used in the sense of dating someone? Like, Ayesha is seeing Randy.
Is having only used in the following senses: having a baby, having sex, having fun (experience), having lunch (food)?
Are there any other uses apart from the above listed ones?

Hello harmilapi,

'Seeing' is fine in your first sentence. 'Observing' would also be fine, as would 'noticing'.

Both 'having' and 'facing' are possible in the second sentence.

'Having' is used in many contexts beyond those you mention. You can talk about 'have a shower', 'having a party' and many other things. Any good dictionary, including online dictionaries, should have a list of the ways 'have' can be used for meanings other than possession.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

"The British capital is also the preferred destination for Pakistani politicians fleeing the country to avoid persecution." Sir, shouldn't we use "who are fleeing" instead of just "fleeing"?Would the former use be grammatically correct?
Looking forward to hearing from you.