Level: beginner

Common verbs followed by the -ing form are:

  • verbs of liking and disliking:

detest dislike enjoy fancy hate like love

I love swimming but I hate jogging.
They always enjoyed visiting their friends.

  • phrases with mind:

wouldn't mind (= would like)
don't mind (= I am willing to)
would you mind (= will you please …?)

I wouldn't mind having some fish and chips.
I don't mind waiting for a few minutes.
Would you mind holding this for me?

  • verbs of saying and thinking:

admit consider deny imagine remember suggest

Our leader suggested waiting until the storm was over.
Everyone denied seeing the accident.

  • others:

avoid begin finish keep miss practise risk start stop

I haven't finished writing this letter.
Let's practise speaking English.

Verb + -ing form 1


Verb + -ing form 2


verb + noun + -ing form

Some verbs are followed by a noun and the -ing form:

  • verbs of the senses
see hear listen to smell watch etc.

We saw everybody running away.
I could hear someone singing.

  • others:
catch find imagine leave prevent stop

I caught someone trying to break in to my house.
We couldn’t prevent them getting away.

Verb + noun + -ing form 1


Verb + noun + -ing form 2


Infinitive or -ing form?


Many of the verbs above are sometimes followed by a passive form of -ing (being + past participle):

I don't like being interrupted.
Our dog loves being stroked under the chin.


Thanks Krik,
Context is I wrote an email to one of my client & want to say I am very excited to work with him.
Also Can to tell me when to use to be+ Gerund

Hello AbdulMohsin,

The correct form would be 'We are eagerly anticipating working with you'. You might also say (and this would be the most common way of saying this) 'We are looking forward to working with you'.

For information on the gerund (the -ing form used as a noun) please see this page. We make continuous verb forms with be + -ing, though this is not the gerund. You can find more information on continuous forms here.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Peter
Thank you for your prompt response
please tell me the difference between the following:
1. I am looking forward to working with you
2. I am looking forward to be working with you
Thanks & regards

Hello AbdulMohsin,

'Look forward to' is followed by a gerund (ing-form) or a noun, not a verb, because the 'to' in the phrase is a preposition, not part of an infinitive. Therefore the first sentence is correct, the second is not.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hey guys I have doubts in people are studying in the class. Why sometimes we omit the are!!
(People studying in the class) can someone clarify this
2. I saw him walking across the road vs I saw him walk across the road
I need the answers ASAP

Hello Ianmackinom,

There two different forms here:

The form 'people are studying' is an example of a present continuous verb form, used to describe an action taking place at the time of speaking. You can find more information here.

In the form 'people studying', the -ing form modifies the noun like an adjective; it is an example of a simplified relative clause. You can find more information here.

In your other sentences, the difference is whether you see the action in progress ('walking') or see the whole completed action from start to finish ('walk').

I hope that answers your questions. Please in future post questions once only. This question was posted five times, which simply means we have to delete the extra posts and it takes us longer to answer as a result.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Is it correct to say "We are collecting glass bottles to take them for recycling"

May I know whether the ing clause following a verb is an object or an adverbial? How can one know the role of an ing in a sentence?

Hi grammar2015,

On this page you can see the different roles of the -ing form. As you can see there, the -ing form can be used as either a verb or an adverbial. There is no instant rule to tell which is which; you need to look at the sentence and the particular verb which is used.

The -ing form has many uses, including participle clauses, reduced relative clauses and so on.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team


I'm trying to figure out if this sentence would require a comma. It seems there are 2 verbs and to me it seems it would require a comma after stretched. What would the section of the sentence "taking in ..." be called? Is there a rule that requires a comma or a reason you wouldn't use a comma?

Here is another example:

She grumbled looking over a rack of dresses.

It seems there should be a comma after grumbled, but I'm not sure and if it does, what is the rule?

She stretched taking in the new sounds and scents from the surrounding forest