Transitive verbs have both active and passive forms:

active   passive
The hunter killed the lion. >> The lion was killed by the hunter.
Someone has cleaned the windows >> The windows have been cleaned


The passive forms are made up of the verb be with a past participle:

  be past participle  
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The windows have been cleaned  
Lunch was being served  
The work will be finished soon
They might have been invited to the party


We sometimes use the verb get to form the passive:

Be careful with the glass. It might get broken.
Peter got hurt in a crash.

If we want to show the person or thing doing the action we use by:

She was attacked by a dangerous dog.
The money was stolen by her husband.

We can use the indirect object as the subject of a passive verb:

 

active   passive
I gave him a book for his birthday >> He was given a book for his birthday.
Someone sent her a cheque for a thousand euros >> She was sent a cheque for a thousand euros.


We can use phrasal verbs in the passive:

 

active   passive
They called off the meeting. >> The meeting was called off.
His grandmother looked after him. >> He was looked after by his grandmother.
They will send him away to school. >> He will be sent away to school.

Some verbs very frequently used in the passive are followed by the to-infinitive:

 

be supposed to be expected to be asked to
be scheduled to be allowed to be told to

John has been asked to make a speech at the meeting.
You are supposed to wear a uniform.
The meeting is scheduled to start at seven. 

 

Exercise

Comments

Hello jolin!
 
If you have a look at our page on question forms, you'll see a couple of examples. You need to move the auxillary verb (be in simple passive, have in perfect forms, will in future forms) to the front and add a question word if necessary. For example:
 
The pyramids were built 4,000 years ago.
becomes:
When were the pyramids built?
 
The clothes have been cleaned.
becomes:
Have the clothes been cleaned?
 
Hope that helps!
 
JeremyBee
The LearnEnglish Team
 

hello  
i want learn english more

I'm a teacher      (change into passive)

Could sb kindly tell me the passive voice of (I'll be doing my homework at 7 tomorrow)

Hello hisham ali!
 
Why not try to work it out? Homework will be the subject, and you are using future continuous passive. If you can't work out the answer from the information on this page, try our new verb machine game - that may help you!
 
Regards
 
Jeremy Bee
The LearnEnglish Team

I'll be doing my homework at 7 tomorrow
 
future continuous passive
 
homework will be being done by me at 7 tomorrow.
am i correct?

Hello Tharaka,
The sentence 'Homework will be being done by me at 7 tomorrow' is, grammatically speaking, perfectly correct. However, it's very unnatural and I cannot think of a situation when it would be used in real life.
Best wishes,
Adam
The LearnEnglish Team
 

Hello
I am required to change the following to passive voice without changing the tense or meaning:
a.  The games master coaches the football team
b.  John is playing ball.
c.  The butcher is killing a goat
d.  Will the messenger deliver the letter?
e.  Did you buy this book?
Below is what I think the passive should be -
a.  The football team is being coached by the games master.
b.  Ball is being played by John.
c.  A goat is being killed by the butcher.
d.  Will the letter be delivered by the messenger?
e.  Was this book bought by you?
Kindly let me know if I am correct.  Thank you.
 

a. the football team is coached by the game master

Hi... can anyone help me.
I can't understand  indirect object as the subject of a passive verb?

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