All clauses in English have at least two parts: a noun phrase and a verb phrase

Noun phrase (subject) Verb phrase
The children
All the people in the bus
laughed
were watching

But most clauses have more than two parts:

 

Noun phrase (subject) Verb phrase    
The children
John
All of the girls
This soup
Mary and the family
She
laughed
wanted
are learning
tastes
were driving
put

a new bicycle
English
awful
to Madrid
the flowers




 
in a vase

The first noun phrase is the subject of the sentence:

The children laughed.
John wanted a new bicycle.
All the girls are learning English.
She put the flowers in the vase.

English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late. She is late.

… except for the imperative which is used to give orders:

Stop!
Go away.

… and for "soft imperatives" like invitations and requests:

Please come to dinner tomorrow.
Play it again please.

If we have no other subject we use "there" or "it" as subject. We call this a ‘dummy subject’:

There were twenty people at the meeting..
There will be an eclipse of the moon tonight.

It’s a lovely day.
It’s nearly one o’clock.
I have toothache. It hurts a lot.

Exercise

Comments

Thanks for the reply, Peter M!! Have a great day!

Sir, My Dad is going to buy a mobile and so he asks me to choose one of the given options and I say 'Dad, Which should be brought it depends on you'
So Now Could I also say it like these manners,
"Dad, which to be brought depends on you"
"Dad, which is to be brought depends on you"
"Dad, which to bring depends on you" which is right ? And All I wanna know is in this sentence could 'the phase which to bring' be used like what to do ?

Hi.
This sentence below is correct?
Please, you come to dinner tomorrow.

Hello Ricardo A,

No, that is not a sentence we would use. If you want to invite someone to dinner then you might say:

Please come to dinner tomorrow.

Of course you can use other phrases too, such as 

Would you like to come to dinnner tomorrow?

Why don't you come to dinner tomorrow?

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello LearningEnlgish team,

''I remember the time when I wasn't paying attention to education. Since I had no least comprehension of it, at that point, I didn't have interest in studying.''

Is the construction of no and least correct?

I want to put emphasis on not having any comprehension of education.

Many thanks.

Hello JakiGeh,

There are numerous mistakes in the sentence but I'm afraid we can't provide a correction service for users' sentences. As far as 'no least' goes, we would not use the construction. We would rather say '...I didn't have the least...'

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

''The least common multiple''

Shouldn't ''fewest'' be used as an adjective since the noun is countable?

''Where does that come from''

In a sentence ''Where you going'' we don't use the preposition, but ''what place are you going to'' we do.

Why does then we tend to say the preposition in the first sentence? We should instead say ''what place does that come from'' or ''where does that come?''

Thank you

Hello JakiGeh,

Once again, you have multiple questions here about examples which are not from our pages. I'm afraid we can't act as a personal teacher like this, explaining whatever things you find confusing. We're happy to provide further explanation of issues relating to the material on our pages, but for these kinds of explanations are something your own teacher should provide. It's just not possible for us to provide this kind of explanations for our users - we are a small team here, after all, and we have thousands of users.

In answer to your first question, 'least' is a form of superlative, not a quantifier. Just as you can say 'the most common' so you can say 'the least common'.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

''When I go, you can come''

How to report such sentence? The tense refers to future but it's present simple.

''I told when I go/went, you could come''

''Do you understand what was saying to you''

Does this sentence in the dependent clause have passive meaning?

Thank you.

Hello JamlMakav,

'I said that when I went, you could come' is what I would say.

'Do you understand what was saying to you' isn't grammatically correct. The verb 'was saying' needs a subject – it's an active verb.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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