Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a book; a teacher; a wish; an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

books; teachers; wishes; ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the book; that English teacher; a wish; my latest idea

Plural forms

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books; school > schools; friend > friends

We add -es to nouns ending in –ss; -ch; -s; -sh; -x

class > classes; watch > watches; gas > gases; wish > wishes; box > boxes

When a noun ends in a consonant and -y we make the plural in -ies...

lady > ladies; country > countries; party > parties

…but if a noun ends in a vowel and -y we simply add -s:

boy > boys; day > days; play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

Man > men; woman > women; child > children; foot > feet;
person > people

Plural count nouns do not have a determiner when they refer to people or things as a group:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?

Exercise

Comments

Hello,
I would like to ask if the following is correct
There are films that last about 2 hours, but there are films that may last from 6 minutes to 30 minutes. For the second ones, we say that this is a short film?
If we see a part from a movie( 2 minutes) a specific scene, then we say that we saw a specific scene?
Thank you in advance

I have seen many hotels in our area having name like this :

HOTEL 'PROPER NOUN' INN

Is it correct to use both 'Hotel' and 'Inn' in a single name ? Is it not redundant ? Your view ?

Hello dipakrgandhi,

I can't really comment on this as I'm not sure I understand what you mean without an example. In any case, English is a constantly evolving langauge with a descriptive rather than a prescriptive grammar – in other words, the rules of English describe how it is actually used, rather than trying to be a system which must be followed. If a certain naming convention is in common use then it becomes correct by default, and the rules of grammar change to represent this.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

I will use my name here : 'Hotel Dipak Inn' . Now are the words 'hotel' and 'inn' redundant in meaning ? Should we not use either hotel or inn - and not the both - in a single name ?

Hello dipakrgandhi

As Peter says, it depends on the context, but in general I agree with you when you say it's redundant. I'd probably say either 'The Dipak Hotel' or 'The Dipak Inn' and not use both words.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you Peter and Kirk

Hello,
I would like to know which of the following is correct?
Website, website or Web site?
Thank you in advance

Hello,
I would like to ask what is the difference between the word biography and autobiography.
Thank you in advance

Hello,
I would like to know if the word landline is used in British English as well. I think the word is used in American English?
Thank you in advance

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