1. Some verbs have two objects –an indirect object and a direct object:

Subject Verb Indirect object Direct object
My wife sent me an email
He brought his mother some flowers
He cooked all his friends a delicious meal

These clauses have the structure: V + N (indirect object) + N (direct object)

2. We can use a prepositional phrase with to or for with an indirect object:


Subject Verb Direct object Prepositional phrase
My wife sent an email to me
He brought some flowers for his mother
He cooked a delicious meal for all his friends.

These clauses have the structure : V + N (direct object) + Prepositional phrase (indirect object)

3. Common verbs with for and an indirect object are:

  • book
  • buy
  • get
  • cook
  • keep
  • bring
  • make
  • pour
  • save
  • find

They booked a table for me at the restaurant.
We made toys for all the children.

4. Common verbs with to and an indirect object are:

  • give
  • lend
  • offer
  • pass
  • post
  • read
  • sell
  • send
  • show
  • promise
  • tell

He gave his programme to the man sitting next to him.
They sent Christmas cards to all their customers.

5. If the indirect object is a long phrase we normally use to or for:

He showed his ticket to the policeman standing by the door.
We kept something to eat and drink for all the people who arrived late.

6. If the indirect object is a pronoun we normally use the N + V + N + N pattern:

I poured him another drink.
Their mother read them another story.





Hello mohammad51,

I'm not sure what your question is here but if you are wondering about when to use a singular and when to use a plural noun then please take a look at Kirk's reply to Imenouaer below (here is a link).


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Imenouaer,

Our quantifiers page deals with this topic in some detail. There are different patterns depending on the specific determiner or quantifier that you use. If you have any other specific questions after reading through that page, please feel free to ask us in the Comments section on that page.

Traditionally, a verb after 'none of' + noun was always singular, but in informal contexts nowadays, a plural verb is also commonly used. If you're writing or speaking should be more formal, then I'd recommend using a singular verb -- otherwise, plural would probably be best.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi. I have a question regarding prepositional verbs that have a direct object and prepositional phrase, for example:
She put a book in her backpack.
The normal order for these verbs is S + V + DO + PO.
But what if the direct object is a very long phrase. Would it be grammatically correct to swap the order of DO and PO as in follows:
She put in her backpack a book, a bottle of water, wet wipes as wells as a flashlight.

Hello exvano,

While it is not impossible to position the object in that way, and may be a rhetorical device in literature, for example, generally it is not done and makes the sentence feel unnatural in most contexts.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

hi kirk

if you were talented person that you could have start the construction company.

are the sentence grammatically correct? and does any make sense?

best regards

Hi hussein,

It's not quite correct but the sense is clear - a hypothetical comment. The correct sentence would be:

If you were a talented person you could have started a/the construction company.

The article in the second clause will depend on the context. If you are talking about a specific company (which already exists but was started by someone else) then 'the' will be appropriate. If you are talking in more general terms then 'a' will be correct.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

thank you so much . its very helpful tips

Good Day:
Kindly help with the following problem:
I understand the indirect object answers the questions "to whom" and "for whom."
What about other prepositions? They ran with her. I left without them. They threw the ball at the house. I put it on the table. Are the words after with, without, at, on, indirect objects? Or prepositional something-or-others?

Hello Tirocinio,

In English we distinguish between three types of objects: direct, indirect and prepositional. You can read more about these on this page. Indirect objects do not occur on their own; they occur when there is also a direct object and they can be used in conjunction with 'to' or 'for' - or simply by themselves:

I gave him the book.

I gave the book to him.

The other examples you mention have prepositional phrases, not indirect objects. Prepositional phrases have several roles - see this page for more information.

For a list of other pages related to prepositions click here.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Please help me with a grammar problem.
Today, I found a sentence "Taiwanese aged 19 to 50 were grouped..." or something like that. And I was shocked because this kind of sentence structure is only seen with double-object verbs (as in "I was given a present" - The indirect object of 'give' was changed to the subject as the verb 'give' is used in passive form.)
So I tried to make a sentence using the verb "age" and 2 objects: "Time aged me 50 years" and I guess it's grammatically right, though I'm not sure.

But according to this article, verbs with 2 objects often accompany a preposition 'to' or 'for'. So which one of these two prepositions work for the verb 'age'?

Time aged 50 years to me
Time aged 50 years for me

Which one is grammatically correct?