We use the to-infinitive:

• to express purpose (to answer "Why...?"):

He bought some flowers to give to his wife.
He locked the door to keep everyone out.

We sometimes say in order to or in order not to:

We set off early in order to avoid the traffic.
They spoke quietly in order not to wake the children

… or we can say so as to or so as not to:

We set off early so as to avoid the traffic.
They spoke quietly so as not to wake the children.

• after certain verbs (see verbs followed by infinitive), particularly verbs of thinking and feeling:

choose, decide, expect, forget, hate, hope, intend, learn, like,
love, mean, plan, prefer, remember, want, would like, would love

… and verbs of saying:

agree, promise, refuse

They decided to start a business together.
Remember to turn the lights out.

Some verbs are followed by a direct object and the infinitive(see verbs followed by infinitive):

advise, ask, encourage, invite, order, persuade, remind, tell, warn,
expect, intend, would prefer, want, would like

She reminded me to turn the lights out.
He encouraged his friends to vote for him.

• after certain adjectives.

Sometimes the to-infinitive gives a reason for the adjective:

  • disappointed
  • glad
  • sad
  • happy
  • anxious
  • pleased
  • surprised
  • proud
  • unhappy

We were happy to come to the end of our journey
= We were happy because we had come to the end of our journey
John was surprised to see me
= He was surprised because he saw me

Other adjectives with the to-infinitive are:

  • able
  • unable
  • due
  • eager
  • keen
  • likely
  • unlikely
  • ready
  • prepared
  • unwilling
  • willing

Unfortunately I was unable to work for over a week.
I am really tired. I’m ready to go to bed.

We often use the to-infinitive with these adjectives after it to give opinions:

  • difficult
  • easy
  • possible
  • impossible
  • hard
  • right
  • wrong
  • kind
  • nice
  • clever
  • silly
  • foolish

It’s easy to play the piano, but it’s very difficult to play well.
He spoke so quickly it was impossible to understand him.

We use the preposition for to show who these adjectives refer to:

  • difficult
  • easy
  • possible
  • impossible
  • hard

It was difficult for us to hear what she was saying.
It is easy for you to criticise other people.

We use the preposition of with other adjectives:

It’s kind of you to help.
It would be silly of him to spend all his money.

• As a postmodifier (see noun phrases) after abstract nouns like:

  • ability
  • desire
  • need
  • wish
  • attempt
  • failure
  • opportunity
  • chance
  • intention

I have no desire to be rich.
They gave him an opportunity to escape.
She was annoyed by her failure to answer the question correctly.

• We often use a to-infinitive as a postmodifier after an indefinite pronoun (See indefinite pronouns):

When I am travelling I always take something to read.
I was all alone. I had no one to talk to.
There is hardly anything to do in most of these small towns.




Hello paparna1986,

The purpose of this site is to provide high-quality materials for self-study. Where possible, we provide support for users who are using those materials by explaining aspects which are unclear and providing help with the broader language system. In other words, the LearnEnglish Team is here to help users with our materials, not to provide individual courses or to act as individual teachers for our users.


There are no templates on our site. This is not the kind of material that we have available. Therefore, Kirk gave you the most helpful suggestion he could.


If you require someone to produce templates for you on demand then you will need to hire a teacher to work with you. That is not our role. We offer, free of charge, a range of materials to help you improve your English and we will help you to use these materials if you have problems. We do not write new materials upon demand, however.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

can you please guide me the format of the a leave letter to the principal of the school and format of the letter to any office regarding complaining about some issue. and also the format for the letter to write an application for any job

Hello paparna1986,

I'd suggest you do an internet search for 'template leave request letter', 'template letter of complaint' and 'template job application cover letter'. I'm sure you'll find many good examples out there. I'd recommend looking at a few of each and then choosing the one that looks best for your needs.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

are these sentences ' I am made to do' or you will make me to learn' correct

Hello paparna1986,

The first sentence may be correct but appears incomplete: something should probably follow 'do', depending on the context. 'I am made to do this', for example, or 'I am made to do this task, even though I do not want to.'

The second sentence is incorrect.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

is 'going' or any verb+ing a infinitive verb

lets suppose we have a sentence like 'I am going to school'
in that is the word 'going' a finite or infinitive verb or o which category does that word fall.

Hello paparna1986,

The progressive form is comprised of the verb 'be' and a present participle; the participle itself is a non-finite verb form.

Please note that the LearnEnglish site is aimed at helping language learners, not at providing linguistic analysis of this sort. We use metalanguage where it is helpful, but we do not teach metalanguage as such.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

why is 1st sentence infinitive i.e 'to make' incorrect and second one 'to hold' correct/

1.Because she knew many of the leaders of colonial America and the American Revolution personally, Mercy Otis Warren was continually at or near the center of political events from 1765 to 1789, a vantage point combining with her talent for writing to make her one of the most valuable historians of the era

2.Geologists have found that streams in the Karoo basin of South Africa changed suddenly at the end of the
Permian period 250 million years ago, from the meandering shape typically found in well-vegetated zones
to the braided pattern found in areas without deep-rooted vegetation to hold the soil together.