Level: beginner

We can use the -ing form of a verb:

I love swimming.
Swimming is very good for your health.
You can get fit by swimming regularly.

The main problem today is rising prices.
That programme was really boring.
He saw a woman lying on the floor.

-ing forms as nouns

-ing nouns are nearly always uncount nouns. They can be used:

  • as the subject of a verb:

Learning English is not easy.

  • as the object of a verb:

We enjoy learning English.

Common verbs followed by an -ing object are:

admit like hate start avoid
suggest enjoy dislike begin finish
  • as the object of a preposition :

Some people are not interested in learning English.

-ing form as a noun


-ing forms as adjectives

The -ing adjective can come:

  • in front of a noun:

I read an interesting article in the newspaper today.
We saw a really exciting match on Sunday.

Your new book sounds very interesting.
The children can be really annoying.

  • after a noun:

Who is that man standing over there?
The boy talking to Angela is her younger brother

  • especially after verbs of the senses like see, watch, hear, smell, etc.:

I heard someone playing the piano.
I can smell something burning.

The commonest -ing adjectives are:

-ing form as an adjective


Patterns with -ing forms

Because an -ing noun or adjective is formed from a verb, it can have any of the patterns which follow a verb. For example:

  • it can have an object:

I like playing tennis.
I saw a dog chasing a cat.

  • it can be followed by a clause:

I heard someone saying that he saw you.

-ing form as a noun or adjective 1


-ing form as a noun or adjective 2



Great web page for learners, i found today. Thank you very for build this.

hallo, I'm a new member in here.  how I can improve my english , for speak with other people , I need learn english for travel

please help me 


i feel problem in speaking especially grammar and vocabulary

don' worry also i am.

Many thanks for your fantastic website. Could you please help me to understand the grammar of these sentences   said in small city big world :
I remember you telling me.
It depends on me getting the right degree.
she spends much time watching soap opera on TV.
I reviewed the grammar lesson about -ing form but I can not understand the role of -ing forms ( telling, getting and watching) in those sentences.
I would like to thank you in advance

Hi All, I'm a new member in here.  how I can improve my english specially for speak with other people.

Please, explain me the following sentence from the exercise:
I love watching my son play football.
I understand that He or She loves to watch how his/her son plays football. Is it right?
why in the sentence verb "play" without "s" at the end? Is it right to say:
I love watching my son plays football

Hi, I'm new learner of this site. I want to improve my English through the site.
Thank you,

hello, i am new member in this org. i want to learn english from here.

Thank you very for build this.