Level: beginner

Most verbs have a past tense and past participle with –ed:


But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base for Past tense Past participle
be was/were been
begin began begun
break broke broken
bring brought brought
buy bought bought
build built built
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
do did done
draw drew drawn
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
feel felt felt
find found found
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
have had had
hear heard heard
hold held held
keep kept kept
know knew known
leave left left
lead led led
let let let
lie lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sit sat sat
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written
Irregular verbs



Hello Team

I would like to know what "link verbs" are?
I also want to know the difference between the usage of the following words:
sleep asleep
wait await
til until
when while
which that
say tell
though although despite

Hi Kirk and Peter,
This sounds bit obvious but I have small confusion during the conversation, if I don't understand something what other person is saying, which one is the correct way to say "I don't get it" or "I didn't get it?".


Hello Kiran,

The proper thing to say depends a bit on how formal the situation is, but here are a few ideas for you. You can say 'Sorry, what was that?' or 'Sorry, I didn't get that.' You could also say 'Could you repeat that, please?' This last one would be better in a more formal situation.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir,
Please help me with the following sentence.
Instruction given : underline the finite verb/s.
'Why do you want to talk to me?'
Sir is 'do' and 'want' both finite verbs or only 'do'?.
Sir as per my understanding ' to talk' is in finite and only 'do' seems finite. But again I'm confused as want is also a finite verb.

Hello amrita_enakshi,

I think this Wikipedia article (see the examples) will answer your question, but if you have any other questions, please let us know.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sir, thank you so much for your help.

Hello sir,
He keeps the table clean.
Is the verb "keep" is transitive or intransitive?
I'm reading a book that suggesting its a intransitive verb.Can you explain the fact please?

Hello Md.Habibullah,

'keep' is used both transitively and intransitively. You can find detailed definitions and explanations in the dictionary (follow the link). Note that [T] means it is used transitively and [I] means it is used intransitively.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello All,
I am a little bit confused about the verb "to get". In your list of irregular verbs (above) you show the only form of verb "to get", that is "get, got and got" that correspond to "base form, past tense and past participle" respectively. I would like to know if the past participle "gotten" is no longer used.
Thank you,

Hello edias1504,

'Gotten' is used in some dialects of English, primarily US English. It is not used in British English. As I am from the UK I don't use 'gotten' and I wouldn't like to comment on the particular use in the US of the form (how informal it is, whether it is primarily spoken or also used in written English etc.). I'm sure you can find this information online, however.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team