Level: beginner

Most verbs have a past tense and past participle with –ed:


But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base for Past tense Past participle
be was/were been
begin began begun
break broke broken
bring brought brought
buy bought bought
build built built
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
do did done
draw drew drawn
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
feel felt felt
find found found
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
have had had
hear heard heard
hold held held
keep kept kept
know knew known
leave left left
lead led led
let let let
lie lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sit sat sat
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written
Irregular verbs



Hello again Pyramid Foundation,

I'd suggest you take a look at our to + infinitive page. You might also want to use the search box (at the top right of every page) to search for 'infinitive' and find more possibly useful resources.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

I have a list of 600 irregular verbs,

How many irregular verbs are there in the English language???

How many stative verbs are there in the English language which are not used with progressive tenses??
Verbs, which have the same three forms, how many verbs are there??

Helly Pyramid Foundation,

I'm afraid we don't provide this kind of information. Our purpose is to help our users use our site to improve their English. What you're asking for is far more theoretical. The good news is that you can probably find answers to these questions by typing them in a search engine.

Good luck!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

respected KirK,
thank you very much

sir i teach the English language in India, and get many problems while teaching.
you have already answered my questions, thank you again.
have a nice day

I just want to ask about the difference between past and pass? The words are quite confusing. Help me please. Thank you very much

Hello RTris,

You can use the dictionary on the right ('Cambridge Dictionaries Online') to look up each word and see all of the definitions each has.

Both words can refer to movement, and I think it is this use which can be confusing.

'Past' is a preposition, while 'pass' is a verb. For example:

I walked past the shop. ['walked' is the verb; 'past' is an adjective]

I passed the shop. ['passed' is the verb]

I hope that clarifies it for you.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, I have doubts ,,, 1.can we use prepostitions at the end of sentences, for example, Such an accident has never been heard of(Here I am confused why we have used OF after heard)..
2. Can we use past tense in one clause and present tense in 2nd clause?
Eg. I remember the year when she was married.
(Or we have to use the same tense in both clauses )
I remembered the year when she was married.

Hello Sonam,

1. Yes, prepositions that go with a verb are often used at the end of a sentence. In the sentence you ask about, 'of' is indeed used with 'hear'. This is very common, especially in the present perfect – see the dictionary entry on this.

2. Yes, you can use different tenses in different clauses. In general, the tense you use should be appropriate for the time you're speaking about. The first version you mention (with present and past) is correct.

I hope that clarifies things for you.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team