Some verbs are followed by an adjective phrase. The adjective phrase is called the complement:


Noun phrase (Subject) Verb phrase Adjective phrase (complement)
This soup
The milk
am feeling
has gone
very happy

This pattern is N + V + Adj (noun + verb + adjective phrase).

These verbs are called link verbs.

Some link verbs (for example be; become; seem) can have a noun phrase as a complement:


Noun phrase (Subject) Verb phrase Noun phrase (complement)
Our neighbour
a strange man
a geologist
a nice girl

This pattern is N + V + N (noun + verb + noun).



I read often in your website 'link verb' but in book of grammar i find linking verbs. is link verb correct or just you want to use abbreviation?
Best wishes

Hello kira300,

I have seen both terms used, and I would say both are acceptable.  There are often alternatives in terminology - another example would be count and uncount nouns, which are also sometimes called countable and uncountrable nouns.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

I come from Vietnam, I am excited with grammar but I often confuse between adjective +ed and +ing. I have never done 100 percent (ing and ed). Could you tell me to give some advice.

Thank you

Hello tranminhhai90,

This is an area which often causes confusion.  Generally, adjectives which end in '-ing' describe something which happens to others, and those which end in '-ed' describe something which happens to the person.  For example:

'She's very boring' = how she makes other people feel

'She's very bored' = how she feels

To help you, here are some exercises you can try on this topic:

You can also find some similar exercises in these episodes: (task 2) (task 4)


I hope that helps to answer your question.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

100.00 I'm so happy,and I think it's easy

83.33 % :(( but I think its very easy . 

I am very happy for this site.

My English is not  is not so much correct that,s why I  want to improve it and specially Grammar and vocabulary.I hope these excersices will be helpful for me.

Hai, Where are the test ? I can only see the the word exercise  below the coloum . I cannot enter the exercise too ? What happen ? Please help me ! Thank you .

Hi Rainbow Ho,
That's strange - I can see the exercise. Have you tried reloading the page (hold down Ctrl and F5) or even using a different web browser?
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team