Some verbs are followed by either a noun or an adjective:

She was a good friend. =  N + V + N
She was very happy. =  N + V + Adj.
He became headmaster. =  N + V + N
He became angry. =  N + V + Adj.


These verbs are called link verbs. Common verbs like this are:

  • be
  • become
  • appear
  • feel
  • look
  • remain
  • seem
  • sound

She seemed an intelligent woman.
She seemed intelligent.
He looked hungry.
He looked a good player.

After appear and seem we often use to be:

She appeared to be an intelligent woman.
He seemed to be angry.

Some link verbs are followed by an adjective. Common verbs like this are:

  • get
  • go
  • grow
  • taste
  • smell

He got hungry in the evening.
She grew stronger every day.


 

Exercise

Comments

Hello AbdulMohsin,

I'm not sure that I understand your question. Could you please ask it again in another way? On the following pages, there are lists of verbs that are followed by to + infinitives and -ing forms.

Please also change your photo to a different one.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello!
Learning English Team
Could you please help me about all uses of "be' in sentences and where we use 'be' and what are its rules. i know "be form verbs" but i don,t understand use of be in sentences and its meanings. Some example sentences are this

I have no desire to be rich.
I want to be a doctor.
I will be there at 8'0 clock.
Don't be stupid. etc etc.
Please let me know where we use 'be'

Thanks

Hello saima khan,

We're very happy to answer specific questions about grammar points and to help people use the resources available on LearnEnglish, but I'm afraid we are too small a team to be able to offer on-demand lessons, especially on topics as broad as this one. I expect that you could find overviews of the verb be by doing an internet search for "verb to be", or we'd be happy to answer a more specific question on this topic if you ask us one.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kirk
i can understand "verb to be" and i know how to use it we use verb to be in present (is,am,are) in past (was,were) etc etc butt i don't understand where to use "be" word in sentences as i quoted in my example sentences
I have no desire to be rich.
I want to be a doctor.
I will be there at 8'0 clock.
Don't be stupid. etc etc.

I only have problem to use 'be word" in these type of sentences, If you solve my problem i m very thankful to you because i have already searched 'verb to be' but i don't find something like this examples and there use :( i only have problem with this type of sentence with use of "be" word.

Thanks

Hi saima khan,

In each of these sentence, the form of the verb be is conditioned by the words preceding it (desire, want, will and don't). In sentence 1, to be is often used after the word desire to express what kind of desire one has. You can desire to eat a mango, desire to be rich, desire to travel the world, etc. In sentence 2, the verb want is often followed by an infinitive to express what is wanted. For example, I want to eat a mango, she wants to be a doctor, etc.

In sentence 3, the modal verb will is followed by a bare infinitive (i.e. infinitive without to). This sentence is similar in meaning to I will arrive there at 8:00. In sentence 4, the verb be is in the negative imperative form (don't) - it is used to tell somehow the way they should not be.

I'm not sure if this is the kind of explanation you're looking for! Please let me know if this has or hasn't helped you.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sorry Kirk
i don't know how to ask you about my problem.. :( What is 'be' in these examples is it verb or etc ? or in which sentences we use 'be'
'Be' and 'been' are auxilary verbs how we use them ? and where we use be,been and being in sentences and their difference.
sorry for disturb you
THANKS

Hello salma khan,

'Be' can be a normal verb which functions just like other verbs, or it can be an auxiliary verb which helps to make different tenses (past, present), aspects (perfect, continuous) and voices (passive).

You can find a summary of the verb 'be' here, including examples.

'Be' (the infinitive), 'been' (the past participle) and 'being' (the ing-form) are three forms of the verb, but these are forms which every verb has:

be / look / eat / see - infinitives

been / looked / eaten / seen - past participles

being / looking / eating / seeing - ing-forms

 

In your sentences, as Kirk said, 'be' is often used because of other words:

I have no desire to be rich.

'desire' is followed by to + infinitive; 'be' is a full verb here

I desire to go / They don't desire to see you


I want to be a doctor.

'want' is followed by to + infinitive; 'be' is a full verb here

I want to talk to her / You want to be rich


I will be there at 8'0 clock.

'will' is followed by the bare infinitive; 'be' is a full verb here

I will talk to them / She will arrive at 6.00


Don't be stupid.

'Be' here is an example of an imperative form in the negative; 'be' is a full verb here

Be careful! / Don't do that!

In other words, in these sentences there is nothing special about 'be'; it is simply acting as a normal verb.  It is the other parts of the sentence that decide the form of the verb.

I hope that helps to clarify it.

Thank you Peter M
for your detailed explanation that carify me

I can see I'm picking up something I'm gratefully these lessons will offer me something I never notice

Its very useful and helpful website..you can learn and practice more.. am sure will definitely get success. "Practice make man perfect" . 

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