Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them



Hello Sir
I went through your personal pronoun website. I would like to know about this.
e.g. I want to talk to someone in charge and tell ---------- how I felt.
The answer is 'them' but 'someone' is singular. Is it because of the gender ? him or her.
Please let me know.
Thank you.

Hi Lal

As is explained on this page, 'they' and 'them' are often used to speak about a single person when the gender of that person is not clear. Here the idea is that we don't know if the person in charge is a man or woman and so we say 'them'.

If you said 'someone', it would mean you were talking to a different person, i.e. not the person in charge.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team


This is the name for his group one businessman uses :

' Proper Name ' group of institution's.

I have used ' Proper Name' instead of its name.

I think using apostrophe is not correct and it should be plural-
without apostrophe.

What would be your version for this ?


Hello dipakrgandhi

I'm afraid it's difficult to say for sure without knowing more, but assuming that this is a group of several institutions, then you are right: 'institution's' is not correct -- it should be 'institutions'.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

This is the title my relative is thinking of for his new book :


Fundamentals and Advance Practices

He seeks my suggestion.

I think grammar in 'Advance Practices' is wrong and should be
'Advanced Practices.'

What would you choose if you have to ?

Hello dipakrgandhi,

I think the correct word here is 'Advanced', as you say.



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi all team,

Thanks for everything.

Thanks, helps me refresh my memory.

Can someone explain me why in this sentence we use the word "they" and not just "he" ?
"Have you talked to a lawyer? they can tell you your rights."

Hello talia nave,

This is explained above, where it says:

When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

The idea is that a lawyer can be a man or woman. Since we don't know if the lawyer being talked about here is male or female, we say 'they'.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team