Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them



good and thanks

When we can use "They" instead of "he / she " ?
Thanks in advance

Hi Maha Leila,

Many native speakers now use 'they' instead of  'he/she', I suppose because it feels more natural to use an existing pronoun than a compound one (though I could be wrong about the reason). It's difficult to say exactly when this is or isn't appropriate, but I'd say that in most informal contexts, and even some semi-formal ones, it would be just fine.

I hope this helps. If you have a specific context in mind, please describe it to us.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir,
What is the different with Here and Over Here or there and over there, in the Task : Shall I put them over here ? it's possible to say Shall I put them here?

Best wishes

Hi medmomo,

'over here' shows that there is a distance between the listener and the speaker, whereas 'here' does not say anything about a distance. So 'over here' is more descriptive than 'here'.

For example, if you come to my desk and ask me, 'Where should I put this package?', I could say 'Put it here, please.' In this case, you are very near me and so saying 'over here' would sound strange. But if you are on the other side of a large room and ask me the same question, I could say 'Over here, please' to show that I recognise that you are coming across a distance to do this. Note that I don't have to say 'over here' in this case -- I could say 'here' and it would mean the same thing, it's just less specific.

Also please note that the distance we refer to when we say 'over here' is relative. It could be just a metre or two, or it could be a lot more.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir
For a child what is the pronoun? Can one use 'it' We use 'it' for a baby and for 'children' one can use 'they' I would like to know the pronoun for the 'child'
I referred the dictionary it says 'his/ her' in one of the example given. Can't I use 'it' as the pronoun?
Thank you.

Hello Lal,

If we know the sex of the baby then it would be rather rude to use 'it'. However, if we do not know the sex then you could use 'it' or 'they'.



The LearnEnglish Team


There is a sentence in the exercise: I bought this laptop last week, and now it doesn't work.

If I write this sentence (as a learner of English) I would use it is not working. (present continuous tense). Why a native English speaker has used simple present here. Isn't it something happening now, at the moment?

Hello pencil,

It's also correct to use the present continuous here if you want to emphasise the current moment. If you use the present simple, it just means that it's broken, i.e. it doesn't perform its function in general, not now and not at any other time.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team