Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them



Ok! Thank you!

Hello Sir
Please help me in this. How do I write a proper name using cursive writing? The first
letter is normally capital. For e.g. 'Andrew' my question is how do I write 'A' in Andrew if I
am using cursive hand writing. Is it simple 'a' bigger than normal?
Please let me know?
Thank you.

Hi Lal,

I'm afraid it's difficult for me to give you a definitive answer to this problem because there are different versions of the cursive alphabet. In any case, I'd recommend you do an internet search for 'cursive alphabet' and then for you to look at the pictures, which will show you the most common ways letters are written in the cursive alphabet.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi! I love this site but since yesterday I' having problems with the exercises because they don't load in my cellphone. Has anything changed in the plataform? Thanks a lot. The Learn English Team is amazing!

Hi LilianaVa,

I'm afraid we had a few technical problems with the exercises but everything should be working correctly now.

It's great to hear you like the site!



The LearnEnglish Team

Is There someone who can check my Answers, place.

Hello Narumi onodera,

You can check your own answers to each task. To do this, first complete the task. Then click the button marked 'Finish'. After this you will have several choices, including 'Check answers' (to see how many you got right and wrong) and 'Show answers' (to see the key).



The LearnEnglish Team

Hello I hope you are doing well. Please look at this sentence "Students gave children books because they were good". Are students, children, or books good? Should we only rely on context to know what "they" refers to? How to avoid such confusion?
Thank you beforehand

Hello Bekhzad,

This is a good question and the answer is that the sentence is ambiguous. It is a feature of English that such sentences can be made as words do not change their form as much as in many languages, where there is agreement in terms of case (nominative/subject, accusative/object etc), gender (masculine, feminine, neuter) and so on.

This can be a strength of the language as skilled writers will often use such ambiguity as a tool. Where clarity is important it is the job of the speaker to ensure that they do not leave scope for confusion and the context is often key to this. Where the context does not help you can always add a clarification or construct the sentence slightly differently:

Students gave children books because they - the students - were good.

Students gave children books because they were good. The students, I mean.

Students gave children books because the students were good.




The LearnEnglish Team 

Thank you Mr Peter May for making it clear. I have another question. In the sentence "He has read magazines, journals and research papers which were published last year", "which" refers only to research papers?