Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them



Hello rashed4eng,

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The LearnEnglish Team

Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

In my memory we use they/them when a subject/object is plural. But here the subject is single, a friend, a doctor. I'm confused. Could you please explain that?

Hello zenger62,

People often say 'they' to refer to a person when they don't know if that person is male or female. In the first sentence, since most people have both male and female friends and the sentence is general advice, 'they' is appropriate. In the second one, since doctors can be male or female and the speaker is not referring to a specific doctor, 'they' is appropriate.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you, Mr. Kirk.
In this situation do they express " plural" or" single"?

Thank you Mr. Kirk, got the picture.

Dear Sir,
Which pronouns can be filled in the following blanks?

"My baby's due next month. I hope __ will be a boy."
"What will you call __ if __ is a boy?"

Which answer is correct? it/it/it or it/him/it ?

Thank you

Hello shajing3724,

The correct answer here is 'it'. We generally avoid using 'it' for people apart from situations like this when we are talking about a baby as yet unborn (though if we already know the sex of the baby then we can use 'he' or 'she').


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

sorry it made me confused.can we use they/them/they.because we dont know the baby is a male or female?

Hello mina66,

You make a good point, as we often use 'they' or 'them' to refer to a single person whose gender is unknown. In the case of babies, however, we say 'it'. As far as I know, there is no grammatical reason for this -- it is simply a question of usage. So in this case you should say 'it', not 'they'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team