Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:

 

Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.

 

Warning

Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

 

 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them

Exercise

Comments

Thank you, Mr. Kirk.
In this situation do they express " plural" or" single"?

Thank you Mr. Kirk, got the picture.

Dear Sir,
Which pronouns can be filled in the following blanks?

"My baby's due next month. I hope __ will be a boy."
"What will you call __ if __ is a boy?"

Which answer is correct? it/it/it or it/him/it ?

Thank you

Hello shajing3724,

The correct answer here is 'it'. We generally avoid using 'it' for people apart from situations like this when we are talking about a baby as yet unborn (though if we already know the sex of the baby then we can use 'he' or 'she').

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

hello
sorry it made me confused.can we use they/them/they.because we dont know the baby is a male or female?

Hello mina66,

You make a good point, as we often use 'they' or 'them' to refer to a single person whose gender is unknown. In the case of babies, however, we say 'it'. As far as I know, there is no grammatical reason for this -- it is simply a question of usage. So in this case you should say 'it', not 'they'.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir

Could you explain me what a subject and object mean?

.

Thank you

Hello Muhammad Umar,

A subject is usually the person or thing doing the action of the verb. The object is usually the person or object that the action of the verb is being done to. For example, in 'She kissed her son', 'She' is the subject (the person kissing) and 'her son' is the object.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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