Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them



My total score is 10 out of 15 (67%). That's not really bad. Am I right?

Hello Mg Aung Hein,

That's a good start! If you want more practice with personal pronouns, you might want to try our Starting Out video series. There are more exercises on pronouns there.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

hi, i am start for this course personal pronouns but understant the rule and can you help e one person and i test my self i have only 3 of 15 and i am block for me, can you help me ?and in test general i have b1

Hello guille,

We don't provide individual tutoring, but are happy to help you with specific questions about the exercises or the content of our pages. Please make your questions as specific as possible, explaining to us what you understand or don't understand.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

For us Japanese, grammar is much more easier than actual conversation, since grammar is nothing but a study, but conversation needs practice with people, and there are only a few native speakers around here..


I am so happy for joining this site. The all issues which exist in the site are too useful that contains informative content. I am really thankful for you all for building of such amazing site

Thanks Peter,

I 'll intentionally work on myself with you reply.

I'm sorry, please tell me what is different between it and they.

Hello Novita,

'it' is singular (it refers to one thing or animal) and 'they' is plural (it refers to more than one person, animal or thing).

If I have one car, I could say 'I parked it on the street'. If I have two cars, I could say 'I parked them on the street'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello everyone,

I have a challenge with the use of have and has. Please help.