Some verbs are two part verbs (see Clauses, Sentences and Phrases). They consist of a verb and a particle:

  • grow + up
    >> The children are growing up.

Often this gives the verb a new meaning:

  • take + after
    >> She takes after her mother
    = She looks like her mother, or She behaves like her mother.
  • count + on
    >> I know I can count on you
    = I know I can trust you, or I know I can believe you.

Some transitive two part verbs (see Clauses, Sentences and Phrases) have only one pattern:

N (subject) + V + p + N (object)

[Note: N = noun; V = verb; p = particle]

N (Subject)  Verb Particle  N (Object)
She
I
My father
takes
can count
comes
after
on
from
her mother
you
Madrid


Some transitive two part verbs (see Clauses, Sentences and Phrases) are phrasal verbs. Phrasal verbs have two different patterns:

• The usual pattern is: N + V + N + p

 

N (Subject) Verb (N) Object Particle
She
He
We
gave
knocked
will be leaving
the money
the glass
our friends and neighbours
back
over
behind

 
• But sometimes these verbs have the pattern: N (subject) + V + p + N (object)

 

N (Subject) Verb Particle N (Object)
She
He
We
gave
knocked
will be leaving
back
over
behind
the money
the glass
our friends and neighbours

When the object is a personal pronoun,these verbs always have the pattern:

N + V +N + p:

  • She gave back it
    >> She gave it back
  • He knocked over it
     >> knocked it over
  • We will be leaving behind them
    >> We will be leaving them behind

• Phrasal verbs are nearly always made up of a transitive verb and a particle. Common verbs with their most frequent particles are:

bring: about, along, back, forward, in, off, out, round, up
buy: out, up
call: off, up
carry: off, out
cut: back, down, off, out, up
give: away, back, off
hand: back, down, in, on out, over, round
knock: down, out, over
leave: behind, out
let: down, in, off, out
pass: down, over, round
point: out
push: about, around, over
put: across, away, down, forward, off, on, out, through, together, up
read: out
set: apart, aside, back, down
shut: away, in, off, out
take: apart, away, back, down, in, on, up, over
think: over, through, up
   





 

 

 

Exercise

Comments

It is difficult to understand some unfamiliar phrasal verbs.why?

 Really, it is very interesting to learn english through gaming.........

This was so hard for me!! :/ or is it "to me"?? Well, anyway, I definitely need to study phrasal verbs, they are making me crazy! :(

Hello Crystell,
You were correct with 'fhat was so hard for me'. Don't worry too much about phrasal verbs, they're difficult for everyone!
Best wishes,
Adam
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Adam, could you give me more clarification of the meaning for above example :
She let out a tremendous sigh of relief..
Thanks
Ehab

Dear Adam plz let me now accurate usage of preposition.

thanks for mentioning that phrasal verbs are hard for almost everyone. This completition of sentences  has helped me a lot. I've learned new phrasal verbs , and I'll try to use them as soon as possible not to forget them.

I appreciate the British Council for their such charity work. In our Region, we always try to learn English in a short cut way. I am happy to visit British council website for English grammar. I expect more English grammar pages on this web page.Thanks everybody who worked behind it.

Hi  everyone! This was my first lesson here. Phrasal Verbs are terrible! I need to pass in January, it's my second time exam. I like very much English and  I am very happy with this wonderful site.   You really learn  in this  form.  I follow  English lessons at University (level 4). Big hugh to the team  of teacher  of the British Council... You help us so much... Lippincott

Studying phrasal verbs really frustrating!!!!!

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