Some verbs are two part verbs (see Clauses, Sentences and Phrases). They consist of a verb and a particle:

  • grow + up
    >> The children are growing up.

Often this gives the verb a new meaning:

  • take + after
    >> She takes after her mother
    = She looks like her mother, or She behaves like her mother.
  • count + on
    >> I know I can count on you
    = I know I can trust you, or I know I can believe you.

Some transitive two part verbs (see Clauses, Sentences and Phrases) have only one pattern:

N (subject) + V + p + N (object)

[Note: N = noun; V = verb; p = particle]

N (Subject)  Verb Particle  N (Object)
She
I
My father
takes
can count
comes
after
on
from
her mother
you
Madrid


Some transitive two part verbs (see Clauses, Sentences and Phrases) are phrasal verbs. Phrasal verbs have two different patterns:

• The usual pattern is: N + V + N + p

 

N (Subject) Verb (N) Object Particle
She
He
We
gave
knocked
will be leaving
the money
the glass
our friends and neighbours
back
over
behind

 
• But sometimes these verbs have the pattern: N (subject) + V + p + N (object)

 

N (Subject) Verb Particle N (Object)
She
He
We
gave
knocked
will be leaving
back
over
behind
the money
the glass
our friends and neighbours

When the object is a personal pronoun,these verbs always have the pattern:

N + V +N + p:

  • She gave back it
    >> She gave it back
  • He knocked over it
     >> knocked it over
  • We will be leaving behind them
    >> We will be leaving them behind

• Phrasal verbs are nearly always made up of a transitive verb and a particle. Common verbs with their most frequent particles are:

bring: about, along, back, forward, in, off, out, round, up
buy: out, up
call: off, up
carry: off, out
cut: back, down, off, out, up
give: away, back, off
hand: back, down, in, on out, over, round
knock: down, out, over
leave: behind, out
let: down, in, off, out
pass: down, over, round
point: out
push: about, around, over
put: across, away, down, forward, off, on, out, through, together, up
read: out
set: apart, aside, back, down
shut: away, in, off, out
take: apart, away, back, down, in, on, up, over
think: over, through, up
   





 

 

 

Exercise

Comments

Hi clover315,

Fall off is used when a person drops through the air without contact with a surface. We can fall off a ladder, fall off a branch and fall off a bike, for example.

Fall down is used when a person slips, bumps or rolls down a surface. We can fall down stairs or fall down a hill, for example, but not fall down a bike.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir/Madam,

I was wondering what the structure name for: 'come up with' would be? Is it a phrasal verb? In some comments you've noted transitive verb with a prepositon only. 'Up' is a preposition but not sure what you would call 'with'. Or is this a completely different structure? Really appreciate your assistance in advance.

Hello amongerio,

Yes, that's correct -- 'come up with' is a phrasal verb. There are two-part and three-part verbs and 'come up with' is a three-part verb. The words that come after the verb in phrasal verbs are technically not prepositions or adverbs but rather particles, as they don't behave like prepositions or adverbs (though sometimes they do).

This Cambridge Dictionary grammar page on multi-word verbs also goes into some detail on the difference between phrasal verbs and prepositional verbs and might also be a useful resource for you.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Really appreciate the quick help Kirk and the great advice and extra material. Very helpful.

Best wishes

Hi ,teachers. I'd like to know if can rewrite the follwing sentence: My sister was sick and couldn't care for the child, so i took over for her until she was well again.
My sister was sick and couldn't care for the child, so i took over for her until she was well back. I put the particle back instead of again. May it work?

thanks in advance.

Hello rosario,

No, I'm afraid 'back' doesn't work here. You could say 'until she was back to work' or 'back to normal', but not 'well back'.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, everyone,
I have the phrase 'A person gets out of here' i.e. a person wants to run out of a place. So I'm interested in the names of verb structures where there 'Get out of here' is a phrasal verb, but 'Run out of somewhere (e.g. a place)' is not a phrasal verb it is literal, nevertheless if use this phrase "We've run out of sugar, matches" as a result "run out of something (e.g. sugar, matches, and etc.)" Please answer my question. Is that right?

Sorry I need to complete as a result "run out of something (e.g. sugar, matches, and etc.) is a phrasal verb.

Thanks for such a informative article...it will definitely help us in learning process...

Hi,

I have problems with this word "invest".

Take a sentence:
This program has been heavily invested in by the government.

Is the word "invest in" a phrasal verb? a verb + preposition?

Thanks,
Leo

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