A prepositional phrase is made up of a preposition and a noun phrase. We use prepositional phrases for many purposes, for example:

- as adverbials of time and place:

We will be back in a few days.
They drove to Glasgow

.- as a postmodifier in a noun phrase:

Helen is the girl in the red dress
We’ve got a new television with a thirty one inch screen.

- to show who did something:

The lion was killed by the hunter
I saw a wonderful painting by Van Gogh

- with double object verbs like give and get:

We gave five pounds to the woman on the corner.
They got a drink for me.

- after certain verbs, nouns and adjectives:

The book belongs to me.
I had an argument with my brother.
I feel sorry for you.

Exercise

Comments

I be back
 

when do we have to use "few" and "a few". what is the difference between them?
please explain with some examples.
and the same for "little" and "a little" also....
Thank you.
Krishna

Hello krishna0891,

'A few' = some and enough for the purpose; it has a positive sense.

'Few' = not as many as we would like or not enough for the purpose; it has a negative sense.

So for example:

'I have few friends' = I am a little lonely and would like more friends.
'I have a few friends' = I'm quite happy with the number of friends I have.

'A little' and 'little' work the same way but are used with non-count, rather than count, nouns.  For example:

'I have a little money' = I can buy something/lend you some money/don't need to borrow some.
'I have little money' = I'm don't have enough for what I want or need to do.

You can find more general information on quantifiers on this page.

I hope that answers your question.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

awesome examples sir.
now i understood.

I have a question about the prepositional phrase. If it consists of a preposition and a noun phrase, what would the premodifier for the noun phrase be? for example, "In Britain" is a prepositional phrase, and Britain itself is a noun phrase, would "in" be its premodifier?

Hello mayoneggs,

There is no premodifier in this phrase.  A premodifier is a word which modifies another and comes before it; 'in' here is not modifying the noun but simply functioning as a preposition.  Premodifiers for nouns are typically adjectives ['in beautiful Britain']; for other items adverbials of various kinds are the most common modifiers, more commonly appearing as postmodifiers than premodifiers.

As this is more of a linguistics topic than a language-learner topic, you might be interested in our sister-site for teachers of English: 

http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

This does clarify it, thanks a lot!

I am very weak in English don't making the sentance please help me.

Hello Md Masud,

It's had for me to give you detailed advice without knowing a little more about you and your English.  However, listening to or reading good models of English is a great way to improve your language as you will get used to how to form basic sentences through hearing or reading them.  Take a look at our Elementary Podcasts and start with Series 3 - I'm sure these will be very useful for you.

Best wishes and good luck,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
When do we use " in the end" and when do use "at the end"?

Thanks in advance

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