A prepositional phrase is made up of a preposition and a noun phrase. We use prepositional phrases for many purposes, for example:

- as adverbials of time and place:

We will be back in a few days.
They drove to Glasgow

.- as a postmodifier in a noun phrase:

Helen is the girl in the red dress
We’ve got a new television with a thirty one inch screen.

- to show who did something:

The lion was killed by the hunter
I saw a wonderful painting by Van Gogh

- with double object verbs like give and get:

We gave five pounds to the woman on the corner.
They got a drink for me.

- after certain verbs, nouns and adjectives:

The book belongs to me.
I had an argument with my brother.
I feel sorry for you.



What is the difference between using "due to" vs "owing to"? Please include two or three examples in your answer where there is not possible to use them in a interchangeable way

Hello MayelaM,

I believe the two are used interchangeably and that there is no difference in meaning, though 'owing to' is slightly less formal, I would say. Both are followed by noun phrases.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Is "kick off" a prepositional phrase? Or a phrasal verb?

Hello Kurin,

No, that is not a prepositional phrase.  A prepositional phrase requires a preposition and a noun phrase, and the noun phrase follows the preposition and is the object of the preposition, as you can see from the examples above.

'Kick off' may be a phrasal verb or a compound noun, depending on the context. Without seeing the sentence in which is it used I cannot say which.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

The sentence was "zookeepers are kicking off the New Year by counting every single animal at the zoo."
A phrasal verb?

Hello Kurin,

Yes, that is a phrasal verb. It is separable (so the object can come at the end or in the midde, unless the object is a pronoun, in which case it must come in the middle), and it means to begin. It is especially used for events, performances and so on.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

prepositional phrase, i think

hi, i'm new,

Hi everybody:
I need help to understand this clause
We gave five pounds to the woman on the corner.
What is the function of the phrase (to the women) & (on the corner)in this clause
another question is preposition phrase can function as indirect object
Thanks for helping

Hello nkmg,

This looks like homework to me. Although we're happy to help, we're also teachers and appreciate the value of homework. But I will say yes, some prepositional phrases can function as the indirect object, and in the sentence you ask about, one of the prepositional phrases functions as an indirect object. The other preposition phrase is used in one of the ways described in the description above on this page.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team