Reporting verbs with that clauses:

Some verbs introduce a report, an idea or a summary. These verbs have the pattern:

N + V + (that) + clause

When we want to say what someone says or thinks we can use a clause with that;

He said that I had to see a doctor.
I thought that he was being silly.

We can leave out the word that:

He said I had to see a doctor.
I thought he was being silly.

With some verbs we can mention the hearer as the object of the verb:

She reminded him that it was time to go.
He told me he was a friend of yours.

These verbs have the pattern;

N + V + N + (that) + clause.

Reporting verbs with wh- and if clauses

Some verbs introduce summaries, reports, questions or problems:

She explained what we had to do.
He asked if I was ready
I didn’t know what to do.

These verbs have the pattern:

N + V + wh- + clause:
She wondered where she was.

or

N + V + if + clause:
Ken asked if we wanted to go.

With some verbs we can mention the hearer as the object of the verb:

She asked me if I was ready.
He told me what I had to do.

These verbs have the pattern:

N + V + N + wh- + clause:
I told them what he was doing.

or

N + V + N + if + clause:
Ken asked us if we wanted to go.

 

 

Comments

 Very easy! But useful!

i need some explanation on using  be or being or been
realy it is difficult .  what wil be the difference between these 2 sentences
  1 .I thought he was being silly.
2 .I thought he was been silly.
3 .I thought he would be silly.
 
 
thanks   waiting for answer

Hello Zeyad,
Sentence number 2 is not good English. Sentence 1 is talking about how the speaker thought he was behaving in the past. Sentence 3 is talking about the speakers' expectation or prediction in the past.
Best wishes,
Adam
The LearnEnglish Team

can we say 
.I thought he was silly
or its wrong

first of all thanks to the all member of learn english team. i am novice on your site and english too. i have been using this site for last 15 to 20 days and one thing i would like to say that your site is great boon for english learners. and i got lots of vital things about english here. and all podcast ,videos,games and grammar
stuff .. thankyou so much form bottom of my heart. it's one of the best site that i have ever seen.

sir , i have one conflict why you used first form of verb (see) with had.. cause i have read somewhere that we have to use verb's third form (past participle ) with have and had ( past perfect and past continuous )

Hello Jas,
Firstly, thanks for your very nice words about LearnEnglish in your other comment.
I think you're talking about the sentence 'He said that I had to see a doctor.' You're right that when we use 'have' or 'had' to make a verb form, we usually use the past participle or third form of the main verb. However, in this sentence we're not using 'have', we are using 'have to'! They are very different.
Have to has a similar meaning to must and is followed by the bare infinitive. You can read more about 'have to' in our grammar section.
Best wishes,
Adam
The LearnEnglish Team

your welcome sir and thanks for your answer oops yeah i know about ' have to ' but didn't know about had to thanks once again .

where is the v+n+(that)+clause in the sentence "do you think they`ll come" 
because i dont understand thanks

Hello LearnEnglishTeam,
I agree with Zoje Gabili Vhere is the "Wh-" in the 4. question. 

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