Reporting verbs with that clauses:

Some verbs introduce a report, an idea or a summary. These verbs have the pattern:

N + V + (that) + clause

When we want to say what someone says or thinks we can use a clause with that;

He said that I had to see a doctor.
I thought that he was being silly.

We can leave out the word that:

He said I had to see a doctor.
I thought he was being silly.

With some verbs we can mention the hearer as the object of the verb:

She reminded him that it was time to go.
He told me he was a friend of yours.

These verbs have the pattern;

N + V + N + (that) + clause.

Reporting verbs with wh- and if clauses

Some verbs introduce summaries, reports, questions or problems:

She explained what we had to do.
He asked if I was ready
I didn’t know what to do.

These verbs have the pattern:

N + V + wh- + clause:
She wondered where she was.

or

N + V + if + clause:
Ken asked if we wanted to go.

With some verbs we can mention the hearer as the object of the verb:

She asked me if I was ready.
He told me what I had to do.

These verbs have the pattern:

N + V + N + wh- + clause:
I told them what he was doing.

or

N + V + N + if + clause:
Ken asked us if we wanted to go.

 

 

Comments

Hello Livon,

Mixed conditions are conditional sentences in which there is a different time reference in each clause (past and present, for example); however, both clauses must agree in terms of being about real or hypothetical situations.  When we apply this to your examples we can see that one sentence is fine, but the other is incorrect.

If I had passed the medical exam [unreal, past time], I would be a doctor today [unreal, present time]. - this sentence is fine


There is a problem with the second sentence.  The second part ('you would have attained') refers to unreal past time: something that did not happen in the past.  However the first part ('If you passed') can have two meanings in conditional sentences: unreal future time (as in a second conditional) or real past time.  Neither of these can be used with the second part as there must be agreement (both real or both unreal) and there must be a logical chronological sequence (the condition must precede the result).  For the sentence to work we need to change one of the verb forms:

If you had passed the medical exam (unreal past time), you would have attained a physician's position (unreal past time).

If you passed the medical exam (unreal future time), you would attain a physician's position (unreal future time).

If you had passed the medical exam (unreal past time), you would attain a physician's position (unreal present/future time).

If you passed the medical exam (real past time), you attained a physician's position (real past time).

Your second pair of sentences are both correct, though 'opt' should be followed by 'for'.  They are both alternatives to conditional forms with 'if': 'If I had known...' and 'If I were...' respectively.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

"I promised Carole that I would help paint her living room." is bad or it's acceptable but your exercise can emphasize only one good answer, and in this case it's "I promised that I would help Carole paint her living room."?

Hello arkadsq,

That sentence is fine and has a very similar meaning. The difference is that the first sentence makes it clear that the promise was to Carole; the second sentence does not tell us to whom the promise was made, so we could, for example, have promised Carole's father that we would help her.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

hi guiys, i'm driving mad whit subjunctive.
i've a couple o f questions, i hope you can help me.

i noticed these sentence recently:1)she proposed that the board of directors replace the CFO,
2) i suggested we move quickly, but i would have say : she proposed that the board of directors replaced the CFO , i suggested we moved quickly; what's the difference? replace and move are base form without to? aren't they?

as well i perform this one;) have you ever thought you have changed job?.is ti right?

Hello rosario70,

replace and move are the correct forms for those two sentences because subjunctive forms in English are equivalent to the base form, and, as you noticed, do not change for time, i.e. -ed is not added to the end. The BBC has an old page that discusses the subjunctive that you might find useful.

I'm afraid I'm not sure what you mean in your last sentence. Perhaps 'Have you every thought about changing jobs?'?

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi, sorry if I asked here, but I'm a little bit confused.
What's the difference between : it has been said and it's being said ?
Thank you very much from now
Federica

Hi FadeFade,

The only difference between these two phrases is the verb form - the present perfect in the first and the present continuous in the second. See the two pages on those verb forms and our talking about the present page to understand the differences between them.

Best regards,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Is it grammatically correct say - I disclose to her the secret and I divulge to him the news.

Hello Syam,

Yes, that is grammatically correct, though it sounds a bit unnatural due to the word order. More often it would be 'I disclosed the secret to her and divulged the news to him' or in a neutral or informal situation simply 'I told her the secret and told him the news'.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello language experts
Is it correct to surmise that transitive verbs take a direct object,without preceded by a preposition,for example I enjoyed the dinner or I advised him to be punctual and intransitive verbs take an object preceded by a preposition,for example he consented to our proposal, I opted for a short break or she stared at me. Secondly is it possible to use a transitive verb without an object/noun to form a meaningful sentence and is it possible to use a intransitive without an object preceded by a preposition to form a meaningful sentence ,for example- finally he relented or water receded or she smiled. Is my comprehension about transitive verbs and intransitive verbs correct?

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