Common verbs followed by –ing nouns are:

Verbs of liking and disliking:

  • detest
  • dislike
  • enjoy
  • hate
  • fancy
  • like
  • love

I love swimming but I hate jogging.
They always enjoyed visiting their friends.
A: Do you fancy going for a walk?
B: I wouldn’t mind

Phrases with mind:

  • wouldn’t mind (= would like)
  • don’t mind (= I am willing to)
  • would you mind (= will you please…?)

I wouldn’t mind having some fish and chips.
I don’t mind waiting for a few minutes.
Would you mind holding this for me?

Verbs of saying and thinking:

  • admit
  • consider
  •  deny
  • imagine
  • remember
  • suggest

Our guide suggested waiting until the storm was over.
Everyone denied seeing the accident.

Other common verbs are:

  • avoid
  • begin
  • finish
  • keep
  • miss
  • practise
  • risk
  • start
  • stop

I haven’t finished writing this letter.
Let’s practise speaking English.

Passive form of -ing

Many of these verbs are sometimes followed by the passive form of -ing: being + past participle

I don’t like being interrupted.
Our dog loves being stroked under the chin.

Noun + -ing clause

Some verbs are followed by a noun and an -ing clause:

Verbs to do with the senses:

  • see
  • watch
  • hear
  • smell
  • listen to
  • etc.

We saw everybody running away.
I could hear someone singing.

Other common verbs:

  • catch
  • find
  • imagine
  • leave
  • prevent
  • stop

I caught someone trying to break into my house.
We couldn’t prevent them getting away.



Hi toricerda,

Yes, both of these sentences should have commas. The sections beginning with the -ing form are examples of participle clauses. You can read more about these here.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello everyone,

My question is about the following sentence taken from an article about a new technology (CRISPR) in the genetics field which could allow to edit genetic information: "A dizzying range of applications has researchers turning to CRISPR to develop therapies for everything from Alzheimer’s to cancer to HIV."

Can you help me understand this sentence in particular the "has+someone+doing" bit, please?
Is it a causative "have" like in "have something done" or "have someone do something"? Or is it something different altogether?

Thank you very much in advance.

Hello Knightrider,

The meaning here is 'has caused them to turn'. It's not quite the same as the causitive verbs you quote but is somewhat similar. However, unlike 'have something done' there is no sense of payment for a service.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team


Something that's been bothering me for awhile:

"He had been looking out the window, watching the people pass by..."
"He had been looking out the window, watching the people passing by..."

Honestly, I can't find which, of the two choices, sounds more correct in whatever possible cases.

Hello Ostraciz,

Both are correct. The first ('pass by') means he watched the people pass by from start to finish - the completed action. The second ('passing by') means he saw them in the middle of the action but not necessarily the start or end. Compare:

I saw her read the book. [I watched the whole thing]

I saw her reading the book. [I saw her doing this, but not from start to finish]

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Dear sir., what is the difference between gerund and infinitive...

Dear sir., what is the difference between gerund and infinitive...

Hello kartik,

The infinitive is the grammatical name for the base form of the verb, such as 'be', 'go', 'look' and 'do'.

The gerund is a noun formed from a verb. Gerunds end in -ing, such as 'being', 'going', 'looking' and 'doing'. Note that the gerund is a kind of noun; there are other forms which end in -ing which are not gerunds.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

"Going to college nowadays in an important step"
Is this sencence correct? When can I use "ing" to start a a sentence?

Hello Gladi,

Yes, that is a correct sentence. The -ing form here is a gerund - a noun made from a verb - rather than a present participle. Gerunds can be used as subjects or objects, just like other nouns.

For more information see this page.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team