With "that"

We can use clauses with that:

• after verbs of thinking:

  • think
  • believe
  • expect
  • decide
  • hope
  • know
  • understand
  • suppose
  • guess
  • imagine
  • feel
  • remember
  • forget

I hope that you will enjoy your holiday.
She didn’t really think that it would happen.
I knew that I had seen her somewhere before.

• after verbs of saying:

  • say
  • admit
  • argue
  • reply
  • agree
  • claim
  • deny
  • mention
  • answer
  • complain
  • explain
  • promise
  • suggest

They admitted that they had made a mistake.
She argued that they should invest more in the business.
The children complained that they had nothing to do.

Note: tell and some other verbs of saying almost always have an indirect object (see clauses, sentences and phrases). There are also some fixed expressions with tell such as tell the truth, tell a lie, tell a story, tell it like it is.

  • tell
  • convince
  • persuade
  • inform
  • remind

We tried to tell them that they should stop what they were doing.
The police informed everybody that the danger was over.

• as postmodifiers after nouns to do with thinking or saying:

  • advice
  • belief
  • claim
  • feeling
  • argument
  • hope
  • promise
  • report
  • guess
  • opinion
  • idea

He made a promise that he would do all he could to help.
I had a funny feeling that something was wrong.

• after some nouns to say more about the noun:

  • fact
  • advantage
  • effect
  • possibility
  • chance
  • danger
  • evidence
  • problem
  • difficulty

She pointed out the danger that they might be left behind.
There was a chance that we would succeed

Note: We often use a that clause to define one of these nouns after the verb be :

  • danger
  • problem
  • chance
  • possibility
  • fact

The danger is that we will be left behind.
The fact is that it is getting very late.

• after some adjectives which describe feelings to give a reason for our feelings:

  • pleased
  • sorry
  • happy
  • unhappy
  • sad
  • excited
  • glad
  • disappointed
  • afraid

I am sorry that you can’t come.
Everybody was pleased that the danger was past.
It is lucky that you were able to drive us home.

No "that"

 NOTE: We can always use a clause without the word that:

They admitted [that] they had made a mistake.
The police informed everybody [that] the danger was over.
I am sorry [that] you can’t come.
There was chance [that] we would succeed.



Hi neha_sri,

There are a lot of questions here and it's hard for us to deal with so many questions! We get a large number of questions every day from our users and time simply does not allow us to spend so long on any one question. I've answered your first two questions below and given you a link to a page dealing with the topic where you can get more information. Please try to keep your questions succinct, however, and then we'll be able to answer them in full.

In your first example we would use an -ing form, though 'talk about' here is less likely than 'discuss':

There are some serious issues related to him that need to be discussed.

There are some serious issues related to him that need discussing.

Your second sentence is incorrect. First because we would not use 'speak' in this way (we would rather use 'say'), and second because it does not make sense even with the verb changed. 'You saying...' means more or less 'The fact that you said...' and so if we want to make a judgement about it then it needs to contain something questionable or controversial, such as an opinion, and 'eating food' is neither. We could say something like:

You saying eating food in the evening is unhealthy is not good.

The meaning here would be 'I don't approve of the fact that you said that eating food in the evening is unhealthy.' In these kinds of sentence we can use 'You saying...' or 'Your saying...', with no change in meaning.

You can find more information on participle clauses on this page.

I hope that helps to clarify the topic for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

'I hope that you will enjoy your holiday'
Is hope a transitive or intransitive? This will let me know whether the that clause in the sentence is an object or an adverbial modifying the verb.

Hi i noticed this sentence (i am sorry that you can’t come.) i might say (i am sorry that you didn't come to my party yesterday or i 'd use a gerund form like this, i am sorry your not coming to my party yesterday.

thank you in advance.

Hello rosario70,

Only the first of those is correct. The gerund cannot be used in this context.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Peter ,as i don't know well in which context i can use the gerund, i was wondering if you could suggest the rule , whether there's one or not.

thank you early.


Hi rosario70,

If you are talking about something which is your fault, or your responsibility, then you can use the gerund as follows:

I'm sorry for (my) being late.

She was sorry for (her) arguing with her father.

However, we would not use it in a context when you are not to blame.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Please help me about "... that that ...".

I encountered this sentence "the questions that that investigate process". At the first place, I thought it is grammatically wrong, but I have seen this kind of sentence for sometimes in textbooks so that I have been being confused sine then. What is it axactly? Thank you.

Hello northpole,

I'm afraid I can't make sense of the phrase you include in your comment; perhaps it is correct, but without more context (i.e. more words before and after it to begin with), I can't make any sense of it. 'that that' can be correct – in most cases the first 'that' is beginning a clause (as in 'I think that the man is asleep') and the second 'that' is a demonstrative pronoun or adjective (as in 'Who is that?'). For example, in 'I think that that man is asleep', the first 'that' introduces a dependent clause and the second 'that' tells us which man.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir
I want to make sure in what situations we use 'that' as a relative pronoun?
Would you be kind enough to help me.
Thank you.
Best regards

Hello Srilal,

'That' is only used as a relative pronoun in defining (restricting) relative clauses and is used as an alternative to 'who' or 'which'. You can find more information on this page, this page and this page.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team