Some verbs have the pattern N + V + to+infinitive:

They agreed to help.
We decided to go.

Some verbs have the pattern N + V + N + to+infinitive:

She told him to go home.
They advised us to wait.

Note: we suggest that you read about Verbs with -ing forms before doing this activity.

Exercise

Comments

Hello Team,
I appreciate what you guys are doing here and glad to announce that my English has improved a lot over the last two months. And I'm grateful to you guys for your support during this time period.
I feel very confused whenever I'm using to+infintive and ing verbs (gerunds), as in the exercise above in almost every question it looked that both could be used. So I follow my instinct and was able to get right most of them (10 out of 13).
Now it looks like that one can only get good at this by practicing and using language more and more. Or is there any other way around? Maybe memorizing them?
Regards
Sajad.

Hello Sajad,

Whether a partcular verb is followed by a gerund or a form of the infinitive (or whether both are possible) is quite arbitrary, I'm afraid, so you just have to remember them. Of course, practice exercises will help you to do this.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Can you use an infinitive with the future tense and perfect tenses( present perfect, future perfect) e.g, "I will have to buy the game tomorrow. (infinitive in future tense)", "I have agreed to do the job for you. ( infinitive in present perfect)", "I will have agreed to marry her by November (infinitive in future perfect)." Thanks

Hello Timmosky,

All of your sentences are grammatically correct, but I wouldn't describe the grammar as you have. Instead, I'd say the first is a future form ('will') + the expression 'have to + infinitive' as a complement. The second is  the verb 'agree' in the present perfect with an infinitive complement after it. The third is similar except the tense is future perfect.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I still have some concerns with having both gerunds and infinitives in a sentence, are these grammatical correct, " he's playing with fire that's going to burn him" and "she's begging me to buy her a car" and " I want to tell him to start preparing to play at Wembley this evening. " thanks

Hello Timmosky,

Yes, those are all correct.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

When talking about past events, which is the best way to describe actions between these two sentences. " thieves came to rob in our neighbourhood two years ago" or " thieves came and robbed in our neighbourhood two years ago." Which is more appropriate

Hello Timmosky,

'rob' is usually followed by an indirect object, in other words, the person or place that suffers from the robbery, and not by a direct object, i.e. the thing that is taken. So although your sentence is perfectly intelligible, it would be better to say 'thieves came and robbed many of my neighbours two years ago'. Actually, I might suggest the word 'burgle', which is used specifically for robberies in which homes are the victim: 'Many houses were burgled in our neighbourhood two years ago'.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi, teachers. I want to ask if more than one infinitive can be used in a sentence. E.g., "while going to her house yesterday, I got lost and I had to ask for directions to get therethere." And " I want to go to sleep." Thanks

Hi TIm,

It's perfectly fine to use two infinitives in one sentence. Why would it not be? For example:

I went to the house to try to talk with her.

 

The phrase 'to go to sleep' has only one infinitive. The second 'to' is a preposition, as you can see by comparing it to phrases like 'from sleep', 'during sleep' etc.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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