Level: beginner

Transitive verbs have both active and passive forms:

active   passive
The hunter killed the lion. > The lion was killed by the hunter.
Someone has cleaned the windows. > The windows have been cleaned.

Passive forms are made up of the verb be with a past participle:

  be past participle  
English is spoken all over the world.
The windows have been cleaned.  
Lunch was being served.  
The work will be finished soon.
They might have been invited to the party.

If we want to show the person or thing doing the action, we use by:

She was attacked by a dangerous dog.
The money was stolen by her husband.

Active and passive voice 1


Active and passive voice 2


Active and passive voice 3


Level: intermediate

The passive infinitive is made up of to be with a past participle:

The doors are going to be locked at ten o'clock.
You shouldn't have done that. You ought to be punished.

We sometimes use the verb get with a past participle to form the passive:

Be careful with that glass. It might get broken.
Peter got hurt in a crash.

We can use the indirect object as the subject of a passive verb:

active   passive
I gave him a book for his birthday. > He was given a book for his birthday.
Someone sent her a cheque for a thousand euros. >

She was sent a cheque for a thousand euros.

We can use phrasal verbs in the passive: 

active   passive
They called off the meeting. > The meeting was called off.
His grandmother looked after him. > He was looked after by his grandmother.
They will send him away to school. > He will be sent away to school.
Active and passive voice 4


Active and passive voice 5


Level: advanced

Some verbs which are very frequently used in the passive are followed by the to-infinitive:

be supposed to be expected to be asked to be told to
be scheduled to be allowed to be invited to be ordered to

John has been asked to make a speech at the meeting.
You are supposed to wear a uniform.
The meeting is scheduled to start at seven.

Active and passive voice 6


Active and passive voice 7



i want learn english more

Could u please tell me how to change questions into passive?
I don't know how to handle it.

Hello jolin!
If you have a look at our page on question forms, you'll see a couple of examples. You need to move the auxillary verb (be in simple passive, have in perfect forms, will in future forms) to the front and add a question word if necessary. For example:
The pyramids were built 4,000 years ago.
When were the pyramids built?
The clothes have been cleaned.
Have the clothes been cleaned?
Hope that helps!
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, can somebody help me with this sentence which is active, and I have to change it into passive:
He cannot rear any cattle on his farm.
Any cattle cannot be reared on his farm by him.
On his farm any cattle cannot be reared by him.
Any cattle cannot be reared by him on his farm.
Please tell me which one is correct. 
I was taught that when there are two objects in a sentence, e.g. I teach you English, and if we want to change that sentence into passive voice then we place the direct object (English) at first, then a suitable helping verb and the third form of the main verb, then the indirect object (You), then we write 'by' and then the objective form of the subject i.e. I (English is taught to you by me.) Should this order also be followed for this sentence: He cannot rear any cattle on his farm. Please explain. 

The main problem with your sentences is not the word order - it's the word choice! You need to change 'any cattle' to 'no cattle' and change the verb from negative to positive.
The word order really depends on what you take the emphasis of the active sentence to be. The third of your examples is probably the most obvious, but the others could work too, depending on the precise meaning.
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

1. Lies are not told by good boys.
2. Your parents be obeyed.
3. The poor are being fed.
4. The truth is always let to be spoken.
5. The truth has not been spoken.
6. It must be kept secret.
7. You thank God.
8. He was punished by the teacher.
9. The woodcutter cut the tree.
10. Quinine tastes bitter.
11. He had been taught a good lesson.
12. The door be opened.
13. The police will look into by the matter.
14. Writing be stopped.
15. This book will have been read.

Hello! Kindly explain all rules regarding active and passive voices.Would you also be kind enough to change the voice of the following sentences:
1. Good boys do not tell lies.
2. Obey your parents.
3. He's feeding the poor.
4. Let the truth be always spoken.
5. You've not spoken the truth.
6. Keep it a secret.
7. God be thanked.
8. The teacher punished him.
9. The tree was being cut by the woodcutter.
10. Quinine tastes bitter.
11. She had taught him a good lesson.
12. Open the door.
13. The matter will be looked into by police.
14. Stop writing.
15. She will have read this book.


Hello Raashid,
There is an explanation of the active and passive voice on this page. Is any part of it not clear or incomplete for you?
I'm afraid we don't have time to rewrite sentences for learners. Sorry!
Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

I am wrong.please passive it