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Determiners and quantifiers


Determiners and quantifiers are words we use in front of nouns. We use determiners to identify things (this book, my sister) and we use quantifiers to say how much or how many (a few people, a lot of problems).

Read clear grammar explanations and example sentences to help you understand how determiners and quantifiers are used. Then, put your grammar knowledge into practice by doing the exercises.  

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Can I use the definite article before ' sum' in the following sentence which I wrote in a letter while forwarding a bank draft to a higher office.

" A sum of Rs. 10000 towards the rent of the office
building is sent herewith ."

Hello p t balagopal,

It's difficult to be certain about article use without knowing the full context, but I think that both 'a' and 'the' would be possible here.



The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks Peter !

I wrote the following sentence while forwarding an application to the higher office.

"Please find enclosed the application from Mr. John for the revival of
----- -------
his account no .xxxxx. "

If I use the indefinite article before 'application' ,will there be any difference? Could I drop 'the ' before ' revival '? As the word is followed by an of-phrase, is it not mandatory?

Hello p t balagopal,

The definite article before 'application' is appropriate here as you are talking about a specific application. An application would suggest that you have many applications from Mr. John for the revival of his account, and this is only one of them, which would be rather absurd.

In the second case, I think 'the' is also required. The account to be revived is specified and so the definite article is appropriate. It is the case that some companies have their own in-house preferences and treat some business functions as if they were abstract nouns in terms of article use, but this is unusual.



The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks Peter !. The reply has cleared my doubts.

I would like to ask which of the following is correct
1.The house has got a lot of windows or
2. The house has got many windows?
Thank you in advance

I have doubt about using "there is" and "there are" in certain contexts.
(1) There is a man and a woman.
(2) There are a man and a woman.
Which of the above sentences is / are correct?
(3) There is a cow and three pigs.
(4) There are a cow and three pigs.
(5) There are three pigs and a cow.
Which of the above sentences is / are correct?
Does "there is / are" agree with the first noun phrase in a sentence?
Do native speakers follow the same rule?
Thanks a lot.

Hello beckysyto

In informal speaking, it's common for 'there is' to be used with a plural noun or singular noun and plural noun combination, so, for example, 3 is more common in speaking than 4. When, however, the first noun phrase is plural (as in 5), then 'there are' is more commonly used.

So, to answer your question whether 'there is/are' agrees with the first noun phrase in the sentence, the answer is yes, at least in informal speaking.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks for your answer.
How about in writing?
Are there grammar rules that i should follow?