Level: beginner

Subject Object Possessive adjective Possessive pronoun
I me  my mine
you you your yours
he him  his his
she her  her hers
it it its -
we us  our ours
they them  their theirs

 

Be careful!

Possessive pronouns do not have an apostrophe:

Is that car yours/hers/ours/theirs?
(NOT Is that car your's/her's/our's/their's?)

We can use a possessive pronoun instead of a full noun phrase to avoid repeating words:

Is that John's car?
     No, it's mine.
 (NOT No, it's [my car].)

Whose coat is this?
     Is it yours? (NOT Is it [your coat]?)

Her coat is grey.
     Mine is brown. (NOT [My coat] is brown.)

 

Possessives: pronouns 1

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Level: intermediate

We can use possessive pronouns and nouns after of. We can say:

Susan is one of my friends. > Susan is a friend of mine.
(NOT Susan is a friend of me.)

I am one of Susan's friends. > I am a friend of Susan's.
(NOT I am a friend of Susan.)

Possessives: pronouns 2

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Comments

Hi Dear Teachers,
are "individually" and " one by one" the same when a teacher wants to ask the students to do a task without help?

Best regards

I want to ask if using possessive pronoun with noun after of can sentences like this? For example : (How do you know Karolina? Are you a "classmates" of hers?)

It is correct or need to be singular form for classmate?

Possessive pronouns substitute previously mentioned nouns (Karolina in your example) to avoid needless repetition.
Correct syntax to use:

'Are you (both) classmates?' (pl.) - you and Karolina

'Are you her classmate?' (sing.) - possessive adjective + noun

'Are you a classmate of hers?' - prossessive pronoun

Hello Backlight

The plural form is not correct here because you've used the indefinite article 'a', which is only used with singular nouns. But in general the 'of hers' form can be used with both singular and plural nouns. For example, if you were speaking to several people, you could say 'Are you classmates of hers?' to them and that would be correct.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi there,

I feel a bit of uncertain about the use of possessive pronoun of its when I am trying to copy this lesson's samples with "its".

Let's say, Ryan (It's me) and Vivian are both the owner of a little puppy named Tom, if it's all right to say:
1. Ryan is one of its owners (its–possessive adjective)
2. Ryan is an owner of its. (its–possessive pronoun?)
3. I am (She is/ Ryan is/ Vivian is) one of Tom's owners. (Tom's–possessive adjective)
4. I am (She is/ Ryan is/ Vivian is) an owner of Tom's (Tom's–possessive pronoun)

Are these expressions right? Especially for the 2nd one, I don't know how but it seems weird to me, how about you guys? Please help me out, thanks.

Hello doradosz
First of all, as a native English speaker you would be much more likely to use the appropriate gendered pronoun or adjective rather than the neutral one.
All of the sentences are grammatically correct, but the only one that does not sound odd to me is 3.
Hope this helps!
All the best
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Dear teachers,
you have mentioned in possessive pronouns that we must say
" a friend of susan" because after "of" we must use a possessive pronoun, is it correct about the following sentence too: "i'm a fan of Susan" or " a fan of her" ? are these sentences wrong?....but there is an example in longman dictionary in the entry of "fan" which is : " he's a big fan of Elvis Presley." if it is correct it means we can say " I'm a fan of her" or "I'm a friend of him"?!

thx in advance
Mohsen

Hi Mohsen,
possessive pronouns are used to replace previously referenced nouns, "a fan of her" should be 'a fan of hers' (if Susan has already been referenced or implied) because you're using a possessive pronoun 'hers'.

In your next example "he's a big fan of Elvis Presley", the corresponding pronoun-antecedent agreement is, 'he's a big fan of his' - if both subject (he) and object (Presley) are already known, 'his' is the possessive pronoun and must agree in gender and number. (also worth reminding "he's" is a contraction of 'he is', subject pronoun + verb)
'I'm a big fan of his' - this is the correct construction using the possessive pronoun if you're saying it about you, and Elvis Presley was previously referenced.

NB my correction on the last example using a pronoun-antecedent agreement for, "he's a big fan of Elvis Presley" was used in context referencing 'Elvis Presley's music/work/personality', expanding on Kirk's point of using a possessive noun ('s) and the "noun + noun combination with fan: an Elvis Presley fan."

Hello Mohsen.k77

The examples above say a friend of Susan's -- note the 's at the end of Susan. If you wanted to use a pronoun in the place of Susan, you'd have to use hersa friend of hers.

In the case of the phrase you found in the dictionary, that is a use specific to the word fan, in other words, it is like an exception. We talk about fans of a person or team followed by 's, but not with fan. In fact, we often use a noun + noun combination with fan: an Elvis Presley fan.

I hope this helps.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

 

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