Yoga is becoming more and more popular around the world. What exactly is it, where did it come from and what are the health benefits of doing yoga?

Do the preparation task first. Then read the article and do the exercises.

What is yoga?

Most people know yoga as a kind of exercise which aims at developing strength and flexibility. To practise yoga, you learn a series of ‘postures’, where you put your body into different positions. The correct breathing is also important. However, yoga is really about more than just exercise. In 2014, the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, asked the United Nations to create an International Day of Yoga, saying that yoga ‘is not about exercise but to discover the sense of oneness with yourself, the world and nature’. He felt that yoga could not just help people to be healthier but also help connect people to each other and to nature. The United Nations agreed, and International Yoga Day is now celebrated on 21 June.

Where did yoga come from?

The history of yoga goes back at least 5,000 years, and some people claim it is nearer 10,000 years ago. It was first developed in Northern India and at this stage was a spiritual as well as a physical form of exercise, connected with both Hinduism and Buddhism. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, yoga was introduced to the Western world when Swami Vivekananda travelled to the United States to talk about yoga at a conference in Chicago in 1893. Others followed in the 1920s and 1930s, and by the 1960s yoga had become a very popular form of exercise in the United States and in Europe. Most people who practise yoga today do not do it for spiritual reasons.

What are the benefits of yoga?

Yoga is good for the mind and body. Regular practice of yoga helps people to improve their balance and stamina. Although you won’t really get out of breath, like you might playing football or running, it does help to keep your heart healthy and you can lose weight. It can also help with back pain.

The breathing taught in yoga can help people to reduce stress and anxiety. There are lots of different possible breathing patterns you can do. Yoga also improves concentration and helps people to sleep better, so it’s great for anyone who’s under pressure at work or in their studies.

Different types of yoga

There are lots of different types of yoga, so you can choose what suits you best. Hatha Yoga is often good for beginners, because you hold each position for a few breaths. In Vinyasa Yoga you change position much more quickly and you might get out of breath. It’s quite challenging if you haven’t done much yoga before. Bikram Yoga is sometimes called ‘hot yoga’, because the room must be heated to around 40 degrees. As well as these and other more traditional forms of yoga, there are also some more unusual modern forms of yoga. For example, you might enjoy ‘laughter yoga’, where people do breathing exercises and laugh about nothing in particular – laughing is very good for your health. Or what about ‘Aeroyoga’, where you do yoga while you are hanging from the ceiling? It’s supposed to be very good for your back. Or ‘Doga’, where you do yoga together with your pet dog?

Whatever kind of yoga you choose, there are definitely some health benefits, and you should have fun too.

Discussion

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I think that somehow all types of exercises help improve your mind and your body, for example, aerial dance is one of the exercises that helps you develop strength, balance and flexibility, you will also improve fitness and stamina, while having fun

Hi,I am new student here,Please correct my mistakes when I write anything,Thanks
I love yoga because few years ago I had back problem and I started yoga regularly, after few months I felt big difference. I think yoga solve your problems like magic but you should do regular basis.
Kapalbhati exercise is my favourite because it lose your belly fat very quickly.

I practised for 15 years Vinyasa Yoga. I loved asanas a lot.But since 10 years I practise a kind of yoga more dynamic: Taijiquan. Taijiquan made me stronger . It's for me very fun and relaxing. It's healty for my body and my brain.

I think for the reducing stress is yoga the best. I also want to start doing yoga, because I am really nervous sometimes.
To built strength I would better choose and suggest fitness or cross fit :)

I think the both of Doga and laughter yoga are best exercise for having fun and I think Bikram Yoga or hot yoga is best exercise for improving fitness and stamina.

Hello,

I hope you can help me out with this :)
In this article, we refer to ‘different types of yoga’ and ‘kinds of yoga’.

Could you help explain when we need to use ‘kind of’ or its variants (type of, sort of) in a sentence? Is it always necessary?

Is the first sentence in the examples below correct? If yes, is the meaning in the first sentence the same as the second?

What yoga do you practise?
What sort of yoga do you practise?

What book do you want to get?
What kind of book do you want to get?

What English test do I need to take?
What type of English test do I need to take?

Thank you.

Hi zhouyoumin,

'type', 'kind' and 'sort' all mean the same thing before noun phrases, so there is no difference when referring, for example, to yoga.

Since the number of kinds of yoga is somewhat limited, there is no real difference in ordinary contexts between the two sentences you ask about. If you're speaking about official English exams (e.g. the IELTS, the TOEFL, etc.), then the same thing would be true for your third pair of example sentences.

With books, however, the case is probably different in most cases since there are millions of different titles available, as well as quite a variety of genres. If you say 'what book', you're referring to specific individual titles, whereas 'what kind of' would refer to the genre or type of book (e.g. a picture book, a paperback novel, a horror story, a volume of poetry, etc.).

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I did really bad when dealing with task 1. So I need to ask: is it possible for learners to go back to the ''preparation'' text while answering the questions ? or do we have to memorize the highlights of the text ?

Hello gildas fadegnon,

You can use the material in any way which you find useful. The tasks are put onto the page in a logical sequence in terms of learning methodology, but nothing is fixed. If you find it useful to go back and check something then by all means do so.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

why i can't choose some answers?

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