Everybody has a different approach to learning and the more we understand about the type of learner we are, the more effective our studying should become.
Howard Gardner first introduced us to the idea of Multiple Intelligences in 1983. He believes that there are several types of intelligences that can’t be simply defined from one IQ test. He categorises intelligences under the following headings;
1. Verbal linguistic – having a good verbal memory, being interested in words and how language works
2. Analytical / logical – being able to investigate and have a scientific approach to learning
3. Musical – being sensitive to sounds and rhythms
4. Visual spatial – being imaginative with a good visual memory
5. Kinaesthetic – being receptive to touching objects to enhance your memory
6. Interpersonal – being good in group work, listening to others
7. Intrapersonal – being aware of your own personal goals and motivations
8. Naturalist – understanding the link between nature and humans
It’s important to understand that these intelligences work together and it would be unwise to think of ourselves as having only one or the other. Labelling learners as a particular type of learner could stop them from exploring all of their intelligences. So instead we should think of ourselves as having dominant intelligences.
When you are next in a classroom ask yourself these questions to think about how you learn:
This list of questions is obviously limited but it’s a good start towards becoming a more effective learner. The more you are aware about your dominant intelligences in the learning process the more you can exploit them to make learning a more enjoyable and rewarding journey.
Intelligences multiples? Mais combien sont-elles ? Le nombre n’arrête pas d’augmenter apparemment, Howard Gardner est le premier à avoir identifié les multiples types d’intelligences qu’il a depuis ajoutés à sa liste.
Do the Preparation task first. Then read the Text. Next go to each Task and do the activity.
Comprehension: match the types of intelligence with their definitions.
Comprehension: use the adjectives given to complete the summary about the writer's types of intelligence.
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