Can you match these possessive pronouns to the right personal pronouns and possessive adjectives?
 

yours, mine, theirs, ours, hers, his, its

 

Subject Object Possessive adjectives

Possessive pronouns

I me  my  
You you  your  
He him  his  
She her  her  
It it  its  
We us  our  
They them  their  

 

We can use a possessive pronoun instead of a noun phrase:

 

Is that John’s car?   No, it’s [my car] > No, it’s mine.
Whose coat is this?   Is it [your coat]? > Is it yours?
Her coat is grey, [my coat]is brown   Her coat is grey,   mine is brown.

 

 

We can use possessive pronouns after of.

We can say:

Susan is one of my friends.
or
Susan is a friend of mine.
but not 
Susan is a friend of me

or

I am one of Susan's friends.
or
I am a friend of Susan's.
but not 
I am a friend of Susan

Exercise

Comments

Hello Wang Zijian,

I understand that 'Stark' refers to one person, not to a family. As the page states, we use the 's form after of and so the correct form is I'm a son of Stark's.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

However, when the 'Stark' refers to a family, we can say 'I am a son of the Starks', am I right?

Hello Wang Zijijan,

If the word is plural (Starks) then you would use the plural possessive form:

I am a son of the Starks'

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,
Please i always have problem using: It is, It's, Its and Its'
Can you clarify me on this with examples.
Thanks

Hello iphie,

'It is' and 'it's' mean the same thing. The 's in 'it's' is a contracted form of the verb 'is'. We often use contracted forms in speaking and informal writing.

'Its' is a possessive form. If we're talking about a house, for example, we could say 'its roof is red'. Here 'its roof' is another way of saying 'the house's roof'.

'Its'' is not spelt correctly in standard English.

I hope that helps you.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

why I am a friend of Susan's.
but not
I am a friend of Susan ?
and why we have to add the 's after Susan so that sentence could be corrected?
could you answer for me?
thanks in advance!!

Hello poinsettia.noel,

It is strange, isn't it? I'm afraid this is just what is correct. If I knew of a way to explain it better, I would tell you, but I'm afraid I don't!

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

but it is right, right?

Hello poinsettia.noel,

Yes, it is right to say "...a friend of Susan's". You can also say "...a friend of Susan" but this is becoming increasingly unusual

This is an example of how common use can sometimes go against a particular grammar pattern, creating a form which is logically 'incorrect'. The rules of language are ultimately descriptive, not prescriptive. In other words, grammar describes language as it is used, not as someone would like it to be used. When a form becomes standard use it is the correct form, even if it is odd, inconsistent with other forms or illogical.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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