Can you match these possessive adjectives to the right personal pronouns?

its, your, my, their, our, her, his

 

Subject Object Possessive Adjective
I me  
You you  
He him  
She her  
It it  
We us  
They them  

 

We use possessive adjectives:

• to show something belongs to somebody:

That’s our house.
My car is very old.

• for relations and friends:

My mother is a doctor.
How old is your sister?

• for parts of the body:

He’s broken his arm.
She’s washing her hair.
I need to clean my teeth.

Exercise

Comments

So what you mean to say is, 'sports' here is an adjective and leisure activity is an adjective too!

I am still confused why is there an 's' in sports? Why it was not written 'sport'?

Why the writer had to separate it with 'and' then added the word 'leisure activity'?

Cycling is mainly a sports and leisure activity.

Please explain why is there an 'S' in 'sports.'
Is it as a plural or related to leisure and activity?

Hello Sad,

Speakers of American English tend to say 'sports' where speakers of British English would say 'sport', which I think might be way 'sports' is used in the sentence you refer to. Does that make sense?

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

But this was written in Cambridge exam!
As I tried to analyse it, it looks like the 's' in sports refer to leisure and activity. But I am not sure and confused!

Any other explanation please.

Hello Sad,

The word 'sports' here is an adjective. We see it used most often in phrases like these:

sports day [a day in school devoted to races and similar competitions]

sports shoes [trainers or sneakers]

sports activities [different types of sport]

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks for your reply.
But then, it means that it can be considered as possessive! For example: The day of sports!

If yes, then why 'and' came after it? ' Is mainly a sports and leisure activity'

Shouldn't it be written 'a sports leisure activity?'

Why did the writer put 'and'?

It is really confusing!

Hello Sad,

The possessive form would have an apostrophe, as in Peter's dog.

This is an adjective and describes the noun ('day'). It does not show possession or ownership.

There is an and because two adjectives are used to form one adjectival phrase. There are many such phrases which typically occur with 'and'. For example: a sport and leisure centre, a town and country club, a training and development programme.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

So what you mean to say is, 'sports' here is an adjective and leisure activity is an adjective too!
I am still confused why is there an 's' in sports? Why it was not written 'sport'?
Why the writer had to separate it with 'and' then added the word 'leisure activity'?

And how 'sports' is considered an adjective here if it is always a noun?

Hello Sad,

I think you have a rather misleading idea of how words function in English. Words are very flexible in English and the same word - without changes in spelling - can fulfil multiple roles. For example, take a look at the word 'fast':

During Ramadan, Muslims fast from dawn to sunset. ('fast' is a verb)

Their fast lasts for the whole month. ('fast' is a noun)

I love fast cars. ('fast' is an adjective)

She ran fast but could not catch the bus. ('fast' is an adverb)

 

'Sports' is not always a noun. As we have said, it can be an adjective. And it can form an adjectival phrase such as 'sports and leisure'. You can see this in any dictionary entry for 'sports', such as this one.

 

I'm not sure how else we can explain this for you. Some languages have relatively fixed forms for different word classes, so that you can always identify what kind of word you see purely from the spelling. English is different. To know what a word is (what kind of word) you often need to see it in context.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

My confusion was because when I searched in the cambridge dictionary online, it was written that 'sports' is a noun or a verb, and there was nothing written that 'sport' is an adjective.

Same as for leisure and activity. That is why I was shocked when you wrote that 'sport' can be an adjective! Does this make sense?

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