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Conditionals 2

Do you know how to use third and mixed conditionals?

Look at these examples to see how third and mixed conditionals are used.

We would have walked to the top of the mountain if the weather hadn't been so bad.
If we'd moved to Scotland when I was a child, I would have a Scottish accent now.
If she was really my friend, she wouldn't have lied to me.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Conditionals 2: Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Do you know how to use third and mixed conditionals?

Third conditionals and mixed conditionals

Conditionals describe the result of a certain condition. The if clause tells you the condition (If I hadn't been ill) and the main clause tells you the result (I would have gone to the party). The order of the clauses does not change the meaning.

If I hadn't been ill, I would have gone to the party.
I would have gone to the party if I hadn't been ill.

Conditional sentences are often divided into different types.

Third conditional

The third conditional is used to imagine a different past. We imagine a change in a past situation and the different result of that change.

If I had understood the instructions properly, I would have passed the exam.
We wouldn't have got lost if my phone hadn't run out of battery.

In third conditional sentences, the structure is usually: If + past perfect >> would have + past participle.

Mixed conditionals

We can use mixed conditionals when we imagine a past change with a result in the present or a present change with a result in the past.

1. Past/Present 

Here's a sentence imagining how a change in a past situation would have a result in the present.

If I hadn't got the job in Tokyo, I wouldn't be with my current partner.

So the structure is: If + past perfect >> would + infinitive.

2. Present/Past

Here's a sentence imagining how a different situation in the present would mean that the past was different as well.

It's really important. If it wasn't, I wouldn't have called you on your holiday.

And the structure is: If + past simple >> would have + past participle.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Conditionals 2: Grammar test 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2

Comments

Thanks Kirk for your help! Much more clear now!

Regards!

Hello everybody

I have a serious doubt with mixed conditionals. Could anybody tell me if we can use "should" into a 3rd conditional phrase?
e.g: If she had taken the second choice, she should have told the manger

Thanks in advance!

Hello gaullanos,

No, this sentence doesn't make sense. Please note that 'should have' is different from 'should' - 'should' refers to the present or future, whereas 'should have' refers to the past.

Depending on what you want to say, you might want to say 'If she took the second choice, she would have to tell the manager' or 'If she had taken the second choice, she would have had to tell the manager'. Does either of these make sense?

I hope this helps.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much for your answer and for your help.

If he didn’t have to work tomorrow he wouldn’t be so miserable today.
is it right to say " if he will not have to work tomorrow....." ?
is there a specific structure of the mixed conditional?
please answer me MR. PETER M

hi i have a qshn may u please help me ?
what is the answer and more important why ?
I preferred that she.....here
1=stayed 2=has stayed 3=staying 4=stay ?
dont we use s after she ? i mean it must be stays but there is no such a thing!

4 stay

Hello StrangeGr,

We don't answer exercise questions for users here - that is your job! However, I can tell you that 'prefer' can be followed by several structures:

prefer to do sth

prefer sb to do sth

prefer doing sth

prefer sb doing sth

prefer (that) sb do sth ['do' is the subjunctive form; it is also possible to use 'does' here in modern English]

prefer (that) sb did sth

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

hi i am new here , i want to improve my english ,i heard somewhere that by regular communication you can learn any language ,so that's why i want to talk to some one.

Hello....
I'm here too..
I want have a discussion with some one.
If you ready,it's ok.
I'm ready too....

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