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Conditionals 2

Do you know how to use third and mixed conditionals?

Look at these examples to see how third and mixed conditionals are used.

We would have walked to the top of the mountain if the weather hadn't been so bad.
If we'd moved to Scotland when I was a child, I would have a Scottish accent now.
If she was really my friend, she wouldn't have lied to me.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Conditionals 2: Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Do you know how to use third and mixed conditionals?

Third conditionals and mixed conditionals

Conditionals describe the result of a certain condition. The if clause tells you the condition (If I hadn't been ill) and the main clause tells you the result (I would have gone to the party). The order of the clauses does not change the meaning.

If I hadn't been ill, I would have gone to the party.
I would have gone to the party if I hadn't been ill.

Conditional sentences are often divided into different types.

Third conditional

The third conditional is used to imagine a different past. We imagine a change in a past situation and the different result of that change.

If I had understood the instructions properly, I would have passed the exam.
We wouldn't have got lost if my phone hadn't run out of battery.

In third conditional sentences, the structure is usually: If + past perfect >> would have + past participle.

Mixed conditionals

We can use mixed conditionals when we imagine a past change with a result in the present or a present change with a result in the past.

1. Past/Present 

Here's a sentence imagining how a change in a past situation would have a result in the present.

If I hadn't got the job in Tokyo, I wouldn't be with my current partner.

So the structure is: If + past perfect >> would + infinitive.

2. Present/Past

Here's a sentence imagining how a different situation in the present would mean that the past was different as well.

It's really important. If it wasn't, I wouldn't have called you on your holiday.

And the structure is: If + past simple >> would have + past participle.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Conditionals 2: Grammar test 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2

Comments

Hello dato86,

You're welcome - we're happy to help. I'm afraid chat/conversation isn't something we arrange here on LearnEnglish. In fact, if you look at our House Rules you'll see that we ask users not to share nor ask for contact details such as Skype or email addresses, Facebook names and so on from other users. This is because we have users of different ages on the site and so must be very careful with personal data.

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Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

I`d like to chat with someone to improve my english too so if you want to you can add me on FB to chat sometimes! here is my fb account --------------

Hello StrangeGr,

You can communicate with other users via the comments sections which you can find on most pages. However, we ask users not to share or ask for contact details such as Skype or email addresses, Facebook names and so on from other users (see the LearnEnglish House Rules). This is because we have users of different ages on the site and so must be very careful with personal data.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi. I liked this is site, but my english is very bad. I learn about clause condicional. I don't think dificult.

Hi tNx very useful but it`s really confuse me sometimes because they`re similar almost...
and one question only in mixed ones the tense of time between two sentences is different ?

Hi StrangeGr,

Mixed conditionals have the characteristic that the two clauses have different time references. What we term 'first', 'second' and 'third' conditionals are simply conditionals in which the time reference is the same in each clause.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Can modals be used in the if clause for e.g.
If you can do that task, please proceed to do
If he could speak better English, he could get a better job

Hello cprasad111,

Yes, modals can certainly be used in the if-clause.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi ,
I have very simple question about the main verb. Where is the main verb in this sentence?
He likes eating apple .they ask grad 1 to circle the verb in the sentence which define as word describe action .
So eating will be the main verb ..what about like here?

Hi savykaspr,

In this sentence there is only one verb and that is 'likes'. The word 'eating' is in fact a gerund, which functions as a noun.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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