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Conditionals 2

Do you know how to use third and mixed conditionals?

Look at these examples to see how third and mixed conditionals are used.

We would have walked to the top of the mountain if the weather hadn't been so bad.
If we'd moved to Scotland when I was a child, I would have a Scottish accent now.
If she was really my friend, she wouldn't have lied to me.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Conditionals 2: Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Do you know how to use third and mixed conditionals?

Third conditionals and mixed conditionals

Conditionals describe the result of a certain condition. The if clause tells you the condition (If I hadn't been ill) and the main clause tells you the result (I would have gone to the party). The order of the clauses does not change the meaning.

If I hadn't been ill, I would have gone to the party.
I would have gone to the party if I hadn't been ill.

Conditional sentences are often divided into different types.

Third conditional

The third conditional is used to imagine a different past. We imagine a change in a past situation and the different result of that change.

If I had understood the instructions properly, I would have passed the exam.
We wouldn't have got lost if my phone hadn't run out of battery.

In third conditional sentences, the structure is usually: If + past perfect >> would have + past participle.

Mixed conditionals

We can use mixed conditionals when we imagine a past change with a result in the present or a present change with a result in the past.

1. Past/Present 

Here's a sentence imagining how a change in a past situation would have a result in the present.

If I hadn't got the job in Tokyo, I wouldn't be with my current partner.

So the structure is: If + past perfect >> would + infinitive.

2. Present/Past

Here's a sentence imagining how a different situation in the present would mean that the past was different as well.

It's really important. If it wasn't, I wouldn't have called you on your holiday.

And the structure is: If + past simple >> would have + past participle.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Conditionals 2: Grammar test 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2

Comments

Hello my respected mentor of this group,
I've a query regarding where we can use Thy and Thine and what's it actual mean also give some idea about where and how to use "get rid of"
Thank you Akshya10

Hello akshaya10,

Both 'thy' and 'thine' are in our dictionary - you'll see there that they are no longer used in modern English. You can find them in older literature (e.g. Shakespeare), but in any other ordinary context they would sound very strange, and perhaps not be understood by some.

Similarly, you can find 'get rid of' in our dictionary (search for 'get rid of') with both definitions and examples of use. After studying the dictionary entries, feel free to write some example sentences and submit there to try them out.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello akshaya10,

I'd recommend that you set ambitious but achievable and specific goals. In other words, it's good to work to learn, but make sure that you have a plan to accomplish a specific goal. For example, if you want to improve your listening comprehension, you could set a goal such as:

Goal: Be able to understand approximately 50% of what Ashlie and Stephen say in a Word on the Street episode.
Plan: Listen to one episode three times without the transcript, and then twice with the transcript. Then listen twice again without the transcript. Write down and learn new vocabulary and phrases.

If you follow this plan with one episode and don't meet success, try again. Do it several times and you should gradually reach your goal. As for confidence, normally it will come with increasing knowledge and ability. It normally takes a lot of practice, but be patient with yourself and don't give up.

I hope this helps you. As you work, please let us know if you have questions, and also please let us know how you get on.

Good luck!

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello everybody!
Need help with mixed conditionals. Is this sentence correct: "I would make it if I hadn't tried it before and failed" ? So I want to say that I can make it now but I already did it before with no result so I'm not going to do that again.
Thank you in advance!
Best wishes,
Vugar

Hello Vugar19,

In terms of verb forms the sentence is fine (I would... if I hadn't... before). However, we would probably say 'I would try to make it' if we know or believe that we are not able to do it. If we say 'I would make it...' then it sounds like we are able to do it but choose not to because we don't want to.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

How can told me some grammer book's that i need to start my study at university...!!

Hi Holman,

I'm afraid that we can't recommend specific titles. If you do some internet searches for 'English grammar for students', I expect you'll see some titles repeated on different pages - that's probably a good indication of a quality book.

Good luck!

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kirk,
Thank you very much for the clarification about "Have". My other Question is about " 's" . we say ,for example, David 's friend or my friend's name to show possession. If we have several " 'S " do we use just last 's ? For example which one of this question is right? " David friend 's name" or David's friend's name.
Best Regards
Shadyar

Hi shadyar,

Could you please ask this on our possessives: nouns page? We'll then answer it there, of course; it's just that we'd like other users to be able to benefit from your question, and those who have the same question will be much more likely to find it on that page.

Thanks.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I'm new to this forum and I need some help.
I tried to navigate to a topic that can be the better described by the sentence:'I see me working in the future as a financial advisor'.
Could you help me to find this topic in an English grammar as I'd like to figure out the use and structure of it thoroughly.

All the best,
Marek

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