Do you know when to use the future continuous (e.g. I'll be studying) and future perfect (e.g. I'll have studied)?

The future continuous (will be + ‘ing’ form) and the future perfect (will have + past participle) tenses are used to talk about events in the future.

Future continuous

  • Don’t ring at 8 o’clock. I’ll be watching Who Wants to be a Millionaire.
  • This time tomorrow we’ll be sitting on the beach. I can’t wait!

We use the future continuous to talk about something that will be in progress at or around a time in the future.

  • Don’t phone grandma now, she’ll be having dinner.
  • The kids are very quiet. They’ll be doing something wrong, I know it!

These sentences are not about the future but we can use the future continuous to talk about what we assume is happening at the moment.

Future Perfect

  • Do you think you will have finished it by next Thursday?
  • In 5 years time I’ll have finished university and I’ll be able to earn some money at last.

We use the future perfect to say that something will be finished by a particular time in the future.

We often use the future perfect with ‘by’ or ‘in

  • I think astronauts will have landed on Mars by the year 2020.
  • I’ll have finished in an hour and then you can use the computer.

By’ means ‘not later than a particular time’ and ‘in’ means 'within a period of time’. We don’t know exactly when something will finish.

  • I promise I’ll have done all the work by next Saturday.

We don’t know exactly when he will finish the work – maybe Thursday, maybe Friday – but definitely before Saturday. 

Exercise

Language level

Upper intermediate: B2

Comments

Hi Mayela,

In future time clauses that begin with if, when (and other words), the verb typically goes in the present simple form. So in the first sentence, it should be "if you help me"; the second sentence is fine.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks for the comments Peter and Kirk...

In "verbs in time clauses and if clauses" page, there is the following sentence "We should finish the job early if George will help us"

Is it correct to use the passive voice as: The job will be finished early if George will help us...
Same structure as in the first sentence of my original posting ... or because of the passive voice, it is modified as: The job will be finished early by us if Geoge help us...

Thanks for clarifying my doubts...

Hello Mr..
this grammar is very difficult
I need more expain

Hello radia khaled,

Future continuous and future perfect is a difficult area, but the explanation here is very clear and well-exemplified, in my opinion.  Is there a reason why this particular aspect of grammar is important to you at the moment?  I ask because it may well be that this section is a little too advanced for you at the moment and that it would be more beneficial to you to work on slightly less challenging areas first, such as present and past simple and continuous forms.  Over time your grammar will improve and you will find advanced structures, such as the future perfect and continuous, more accessible.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello radia khaled,

Future continuous and future perfect is a difficult area, but the explanation here is very clear and well-exemplified, in my opinion.  Is there a reason why this particular aspect of grammar is important to you at the moment?  I ask because it may well be that this section is a little too advanced for you at the moment and that it would be more beneficial to you to work on slightly less challenging areas first, such as present and past simple and continuous forms.  Over time your grammar will improve and you will find advanced structures, such as the future perfect and continuous, more accessible.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you

what can i do to improve my english i feel shy to speak in front of the people please help me.

Hello lucas senga,

Increasing confidence is often a question of practice, so it's important to speak English as often as possible.  To do this a partner is very helpful, so think about the people you know and consider if any of them could be a practice partner for you.  It may be that you know someone else who is also learning English and who would like to practise with you, or perhaps you know some people who do not speak your language but do speak English.  However, if you do not have a practice partner it does not mean that you cannot practise because it is possible to practise alone.  Just speaking English to yourself while you are at home, going about your normal daily activities, can help a great deal with your fluency and can help you to feel more confident, which will help you to cut down your hesitating.  This is a technique I have often used myself.  I am sure I would have looked rather strange if anyone had seen me walking around my home talking to myself, but it was very helpful and gave me a great deal of confidence in using the language out in the world.

You can also use the audio and video materials here on LearnEnglish to improve your fluency. After doing the exercises, try listening with the transcript (listening and reading). Then try saying the text yourself, and finally try saying it with (and at the same speed as) the recording. This will help you to develop speed in your speech, which is a key component of fluency.  You'll also pick up a lot of language as chunks - words which are often used together in set phrases - which you can use to communicate with less hesitation.

Finally, I would also remind you that spoken language is different from written language in terms of the audience's expectations.  In written language we expect a high level of accuracy and see errors in a negative light, whereas in spoken language we are much more forgiving.  Spoken language is more spontaneous, less planned, more prone to false starts, hesitation, changes of mind mid-sentence and so on, and you should therefore not have unreasonable expectations of yourself and not worry too much about achieving perfect accuracy and making no mistakes when speaking. Focus on speaking clearly and getting your meaning across.

I hope those suggestions are helpful.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir ,

one more time I need a solution....

"He has no alibi" && "He doesn't have any alibi".... now if I'm not wrong both the sentences are grammatically correct .

But what I want to know is that which one is more suitable between these two ?...and from a grammatical point-of-view is there any difference ?

Thanks ,
---- Shruti Aurora

Hello Shruti Aurora,

Both forms are correct and the meaning is the same.  However, remember that 'not any' is used with uncountable nouns or plural countable nouns, but not with singular countable nouns.  'Alibi' is a countable noun, therefore we would not say '*He doesn't have any alibi' but rather 'He doesn't have an alibi'.  We can use 'no' with singular countable nouns but it sounds quite formal, so 'He hasn't got a chair' is much more common than 'He has no chair'.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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