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Future continuous and future perfect

Do you know how to say what you will be doing or will have done at a specific time in the future?

Look at these examples to see how the future continuous and future perfect are used.

In three years' time, I'll be studying medicine.
In five years' time, I'll have finished studying medicine.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Future continuous and future perfect: Grammar test 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

Future continuous

We can use the future continuous (will/won't be + -ing form) to talk about future actions that: 

  • will be in progress at a specific time in the future:

When you come out of school tomorrow, I'll be boarding a plane.
Try to call before 8 o'clock. After that, we'll be watching the match.
You can visit us during the first week of July. I won't be working then.

  • we see as new, different or temporary:

Today we're taking the bus but next week we'll be taking the train.
He'll be staying with his parents for several months while his father is in recovery.
Will you be starting work earlier with your new job?

Future perfect

We use the future perfect simple (will/won't have + past participle) to talk about something that will be completed before a specific time in the future.

The guests are coming at 8 p.m. I'll have finished cooking by then.
On 9 October we'll have been married for 50 years.
Will you have gone to bed when I get back?

We can use phrases like by or by the time (meaning 'at some point before') and in or in a day's time / in two months' time / in five years' time etc. (meaning 'at the end of this period') to give the time period in which the action will be completed.

I won't have written all the reports by next week.
By the time we arrive, the kids will have gone to bed.
I'll have finished in an hour and then we can watch a film.
In three years' time, I'll have graduated from university.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Future continuous and future perfect: Grammar test 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2

Comments

Thank you

what can i do to improve my english i feel shy to speak in front of the people please help me.

Hello lucas senga,

Increasing confidence is often a question of practice, so it's important to speak English as often as possible.  To do this a partner is very helpful, so think about the people you know and consider if any of them could be a practice partner for you.  It may be that you know someone else who is also learning English and who would like to practise with you, or perhaps you know some people who do not speak your language but do speak English.  However, if you do not have a practice partner it does not mean that you cannot practise because it is possible to practise alone.  Just speaking English to yourself while you are at home, going about your normal daily activities, can help a great deal with your fluency and can help you to feel more confident, which will help you to cut down your hesitating.  This is a technique I have often used myself.  I am sure I would have looked rather strange if anyone had seen me walking around my home talking to myself, but it was very helpful and gave me a great deal of confidence in using the language out in the world.

You can also use the audio and video materials here on LearnEnglish to improve your fluency. After doing the exercises, try listening with the transcript (listening and reading). Then try saying the text yourself, and finally try saying it with (and at the same speed as) the recording. This will help you to develop speed in your speech, which is a key component of fluency.  You'll also pick up a lot of language as chunks - words which are often used together in set phrases - which you can use to communicate with less hesitation.

Finally, I would also remind you that spoken language is different from written language in terms of the audience's expectations.  In written language we expect a high level of accuracy and see errors in a negative light, whereas in spoken language we are much more forgiving.  Spoken language is more spontaneous, less planned, more prone to false starts, hesitation, changes of mind mid-sentence and so on, and you should therefore not have unreasonable expectations of yourself and not worry too much about achieving perfect accuracy and making no mistakes when speaking. Focus on speaking clearly and getting your meaning across.

I hope those suggestions are helpful.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir ,

one more time I need a solution....

"He has no alibi" && "He doesn't have any alibi".... now if I'm not wrong both the sentences are grammatically correct .

But what I want to know is that which one is more suitable between these two ?...and from a grammatical point-of-view is there any difference ?

Thanks ,
---- Shruti Aurora

Hello Shruti Aurora,

Both forms are correct and the meaning is the same.  However, remember that 'not any' is used with uncountable nouns or plural countable nouns, but not with singular countable nouns.  'Alibi' is a countable noun, therefore we would not say '*He doesn't have any alibi' but rather 'He doesn't have an alibi'.  We can use 'no' with singular countable nouns but it sounds quite formal, so 'He hasn't got a chair' is much more common than 'He has no chair'.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Peter ,

Thank you sir.... it will help me.... thanks..

---- Shruti

Can anyone help me make these into present tense.

1. In ancient Rome, there lived a poor slave named Androcles. His cruel master made him work from
daybreak until long past nightfall. Androcles had very little time to rest and very little to eat. One day, he decided to run away from his harsh master, eventhough he would be breaking the law.

2. In the dark of night, Amdrocles got up from the miserable heap of straw and rags that served as his bed. Crouching low so he was no taller than the bushes that dotted the fields, the young slave moved swiftly away from his master's land.

3. Clouds covered the moon that night, and Androcles crossed the open fields unseen. It was only when he came to the wild woods that Androcles dared to stand up tall.

4. Androcles found a sheltered place at the foot of a tall tree. There lay himself down on a bed of pine needles and fell fast asleep.

5. When Androcles awoke, he hiked deeper into the woods so he wouldn't be found by his master. There he looked for water and simething to eat. But other than a few berries, there was no food to be found.

6. Day after day, Androcles searched for food. And day after day, he went hungry. Androcles grew so weary and weak that at last he was afraid he wouldn't live through the night. He had just enough strenght to creep up to the mouth of a cave that he had passed many times. Androcles crawled into the cave and fell into deep sleep.

Thank you

Hello Mig, it's easy to change the text into present tense.Just use I Form of verb instead of II. For example: ...there lives a poor slave .... his master makes him.... he has little time to rest...he decides to run away .... and so on. I hope this will help you.

pls help me i do not understand been verb? i have been working for two hours? has she been in
Canada?

Hello sunita das,

'Been' is the third form (past participle) of 'be' and is often used as an auxiliary verb (also called helper verbs) in a number of different tenses and verb forms.  For example, your first sentence ('I have been working for two hours') is an example of a present perfect continuous form and your second sentence ('Has she been to Canada') is a present perfect simple sentence.  These forms are constructed from several elements, including 'been' and it's best not to consider the meaning of the individual elements, but to focus on the meaning and use of the tense or verb form as a whole.

You can find more about present perfect forms here and more about continuous forms here.

I hope that helps to clarify it for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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