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Modifying comparisons

Do you know how to use phrases like much shorter than, almost as fit as and exactly the same as?

Look at these examples to see how comparisons can be modified.

He's much shorter than his brother.
Good-quality socks are almost as important as your running shoes.
Our hotel room was exactly the same as the photos showed.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Grammar B1-B2: Modifying comparisons: 1

Read the explanation to learn more.

Grammar explanation

There are several different ways to compare things in English. We can also modify comparisons to show big or small differences.

Comparing

We can use comparative adjectives to compare different things.

Max is taller than Judy.
You're more patient than I am.
His first book is less interesting than his second.

We can use as … as with an adjective to say that two things are the same, or not as … as to say that one thing is less than another. 

Her hair is as long as mine.
It's not as sunny as yesterday.

We can also use expressions like different from, similar to and the same as.

England is different from the United Kingdom.
His car is similar to mine.
The results from the first test are the same as the results from the second.

Showing big differences

We can use much, so much, a lot, even or far with comparative adjectives.

Sales in July were a lot higher than sales in June.
He was far less experienced than the other applicant.

We can use nowhere near with as … as.

The interview was nowhere near as difficult as the written exam.

We can use very, really, completely or totally with different from.

They may be twins, but they're completely different from each other.

Showing small differences

We can use slightly, a little, a bit, a little bit or not much with comparative adjectives.

The number of registrations has been slightly lower than we expected.
Houses in my city are not much more expensive than flats.

We can use almost, nearly, not quite, roughly, more or less or about with as … as and the same as.

She's almost as old as I am.
The figures for May are more or less the same as the figures for June.

We can use very or really with similar to.

My son looks really similar to my father when he was that age.

Showing there is no difference

We can use exactly the same as or just as … as to emphasise that there is no difference.

My grandma's cakes still taste exactly the same as when I was a child!
A new phone can be just as expensive as a new computer these days.

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Grammar B1-B2: Modifying comparisons: 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1

Comments

It's very helpful.

Hello,
May i seek the clarification In the example"He is taller than Tim but shorter than Jack"
Is this a simple sentence where "than" is a preposition or a Compound-Complex sentence having two co-ordinate clauses and two subordinate clauses since "than" a subordinating conjunction is used twice in the sentence .
Thanks

Hello Bharati

Our primary purpose here in the comments is to help our users with the content presented on our pages. I realise that here you are trying to better understand sentence structure, and it's true that we have helped you and many other users with these sorts of queries in the past, but I'm afraid we have are less and less able to provide this kind of private instruction.

You might want to consider myClass Online, an online teacher-led course, or a one-to-one tutoring session.

Thanks in advance for your understanding.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
In the example"He is taller than Tim but shorter than Jack"
Is this a simple sentence where "than" is a preposition or a Compound-Complex sentence having two co-ordinate clauses and two subordinate clauses since "than" a subordinating conjunction is used twice in the sentence .
Thanks