Read the grammar explanation and do the exercise.

 

in spite of / despite / although

In spite of, despite and although are all used to show a contrast but there are differences in the structures used with them.

In spite of / despite

After in spite of and despite we use a noun or a pronoun.

  • We enjoyed our camping holiday in spite of the rain.
  • Despite the pain in his leg he completed the marathon.
  • Despite having all the necessary qualifications, they didn’t offer me the job.

Remember that the gerund (‘-ing’ form) is the ‘noun’ form of a verb.

The only difference between in spite of and despite is the ‘of’.

  • Despite of the bad weather, there was a large crowd at the match.

Although

After although we use a subject and a verb.

  • We enjoyed our camping holiday although it rained every day.
  • Although he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
  • The holiday was great although the hotel wasn’t very nice.

We can use in spite of and despite with a subject and verb if we include the expression ‘the fact that’.

  • In spite of the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
  • Despite the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.

Even though

Even though is a slightly stronger form of although.

  • We decided to buy the house even though we didn’t really have enough money.
  • You keep making that stupid noise even though I’ve asked you to stop three times.

Like although, even though is followed by a subject and a verb.

 

Exercise

Language level

Intermediate: B1

Comments

Hi Refat,
Nouns take adjectives, not  verbs. And there are hundreds of thousands of English words, so there isn't space on this page to list them all!
Adam
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi. dear. Adam  from Poland
 please , i know that nouns take adjectives as modifiers but there are some verbs take adjectives such as verb to be  and become . get .and seem . appear . look ......

Hi Refat,
I see what you mean - sorry I didn't understand before! I don't know of a list of these verbs, but some other examples are grow, feel, prove, sound, taste, smell and remain. Here is some more information on the site about link verbs.
Best wishes,
Adam
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, I am from pakistan, it is really useful web-site.

I am thanksful to British Council

sabyasachi you are right, india is to good ...........

that is useful

Good explanation with such  nice examples. 

 Hello.
I am a new student, and i want learn more English. plz help me.

 A.O.A it is very useful site for english learning but how can i open a site to improve my listening 

Hi Samreen,
If you click on the 'Listen and Watch' menu towards the top left of the page, you will find lots of audio and video that will help you practise your listening.
Best wishes,
Adam
The LearnEnglish Team

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