# Exercises: Structure

An Exercise is usually a series of questions given to test whether or not you have learned what you have been taught. It may require you to show your knowledge of facts, or your skill in carrying out a procedure. It may ask, for example, for a definition or a short explanation or for you to perform a calculation.

An Exercise will usually be short, and may not have an introduction or conclusion. You are required to give simple, precise answers, often based on some data that you are given. There will usually be a correct answer.

Types of Exercises include:

• definitions
• calculations
• data analysis
• short explanations
• statistics exercises

Several different types of Exercise have been identified: definitions, calculations, data analysis, short explanations, and statistics exercises. Look at Example 1 and identify the exercise type.

Exercise

Look at the structure of Example 1. Choose which paragraphs contribute to the five different tasks.

Exercise

Look at Example 1. Identify the analysis carried out in the different tasks.

Exercise

According to the author of Example 1, by looking at the data obtained, a comparison of the drivers can be made. Look at the following sentences that compare the drivers and fill in the gaps.

Exercise

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ok, ok, I founded the little link that contained the text. I thought that "example 1" referred to the example 1 of Task 1....:))

Hi, I'm trying to do this exercise, but I don't understand if there is a text that i have to read. Task 3 makes reference to a vehicle, and Driver ! nd Driver 2. But where is the text? Thnaks for helping me.

I am sorry to say that ,but I am really felt disappointed from this exercise because I don't know what should I do to answer the question well,Should I read the example many times?
should I find out specific words to determine if this paragraph shows reasons,conclusions,definition

Hello
This is a reading exercise really, isn't it? You do have to read the example in order to answer the questions. Our idea is that if you look carefully at the way the example is structured and the data is analysed in order to answer the questions, you will learn something about the way to write data analysis exercises.
However I have to admit that tasks 3 and 4 are not easy! Task 4 is a writing task as well as a reading task, and although some words will fit in more than one slot, there's only one way in which you can get all the words to fit in all the slots. You might have to reset your answers several times - sorry if this is a bit frustrating.
I think you are right about the answer to Task 3, Question 3. Well done for noticing this - we'll change it.
Thanks for trying these tasks and posting your comments. I hope the example was useful to you as an indication of the way students write exercises. Keep sending comments, and let us know of any problems, or any aspects of academic writing you need help with.
Hilary
The Writing for a Purpose Team

Task 3,question 3: I chose paragraph12 because there are the phrase that shows reasons like
"as a result of" and therefore. I don't know why it is wrong

Hi Jimmy
In the first paragraph of the example text it says "The aim of this assignment is to analyse the data obtained from a race". I think that suggests that it is a data analysis exercise, don't you?
Hilary
The Writing for a Purpose team