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Exercises: Structure

An Exercise is usually a series of questions given to test whether or not you have learned what you have been taught. It may require you to show your knowledge of facts, or your skill in carrying out a procedure. It may ask, for example, for a definition or a short explanation or for you to perform a calculation.

An Exercise will usually be short, and may not have an introduction or conclusion. You are required to give simple, precise answers, often based on some data that you are given. There will usually be a correct answer.

Types of Exercises include:

  • definitions
  • calculations
  • data analysis
  • short explanations
  • statistics exercises

Tasks 1 to 4 will help you understand more about the structure of Exercises.

Task 1

Several different types of Exercise have been identified: definitions, calculations, data analysis, short explanations, and statistics exercises. Look at Example 1 and identify the exercise type.


Task 2

Look at the structure of Example 1. Choose which paragraphs contribute to the five different tasks.


Task 3

Look at Example 1. Identify the analysis carried out in the different tasks.


Task 4

According to the author of Example 1, by looking at the data obtained, a comparison of the drivers can be made. Look at the following sentences that compare the drivers and fill in the gaps.




ok, ok, I founded the little link that contained the text. I thought that "example 1" referred to the example 1 of Task 1....:))

Hi, I'm trying to do this exercise, but I don't understand if there is a text that i have to read. Task 3 makes reference to a vehicle, and Driver ! nd Driver 2. But where is the text? Thnaks for helping me.

I am sorry to say that ,but I am really felt disappointed from this exercise because I don't know what should I do to answer the question well,Should I read the example many times?
should I find out specific words to determine if this paragraph shows reasons,conclusions,definition
I don't know what should I do please help me ,task 3 and task 4 were terrible

This is a reading exercise really, isn't it? You do have to read the example in order to answer the questions. Our idea is that if you look carefully at the way the example is structured and the data is analysed in order to answer the questions, you will learn something about the way to write data analysis exercises.
However I have to admit that tasks 3 and 4 are not easy! Task 4 is a writing task as well as a reading task, and although some words will fit in more than one slot, there's only one way in which you can get all the words to fit in all the slots. You might have to reset your answers several times - sorry if this is a bit frustrating.
I think you are right about the answer to Task 3, Question 3. Well done for noticing this - we'll change it.
Thanks for trying these tasks and posting your comments. I hope the example was useful to you as an indication of the way students write exercises. Keep sending comments, and let us know of any problems, or any aspects of academic writing you need help with.
The Writing for a Purpose Team

Task 3,question 3: I chose paragraph12 because there are the phrase that shows reasons like
"as a result of" and therefore. I don't know why it is wrong

why the question in task 1 choose the answer c ?

Hi Jimmy
In the first paragraph of the example text it says "The aim of this assignment is to analyse the data obtained from a race". I think that suggests that it is a data analysis exercise, don't you?
The Writing for a Purpose team

please help me with task 2. I cannot understand the question. Hence I cannot give the answer. Thank you

Actually this task is easier than you think! The writer of the example text has organised his or her answer around five tasks - Task 1, Task 2, Task 3, Task 4 and Task 5. These are used as headings in the text. We want you to read through the text quite quickly and notice the way it has been structured, using these headings. The paragraphs are numbered in the left margin - all you have to do is to decide which heading each paragraph relates to. Paragraph 4 relates to Task 2, for example.

Good question blairnyu
Example 1 is a piece of writing which analyses data from a race meeting.
If you choose Answer c you think that Paragraph 3 identifies problems with the vehicle.
It's true that Paragraph 3 mostly compares the performance of Driver 1 and Driver 2, but towards the end of the paragraph it says "The data analysed points to no problem with the car till the latter laps when there is an oil pressure problem." 
The oil pressure problem is a a problem with the car (which is a vehicle) - so problems with the vehicle are identified in Paragraph 3.
Do you agree?
The Writing for a Purpose Team