S: The only proposals I've heard of are marriage proposals. What does a proposal mean at university?
L: Well, a proposal is a sort of plan for something that can be done in the future. And a justification for that action in the future.
S: Can you give me an example?
L: Yes. You might be writing a proposal for a building, for example, explaining why you need to build the building and how it will be built. Or it could be a proposal for a catering plan, or a tourist resort or a research proposal where you're describing in detail why you are going to do the research and how you're going to do it.
S: Oh, I see.
What is a Proposal?
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Listen to the discussion between a student (S) and a lecturer (L) and use the words given to fill in the blanks. You can listen to the recording above as many times as you want, and pause the text if necessary.