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Future plans

Do you know how to talk about future plans using will, going to and the present continuous?

Look at these examples to see how will, going to and the present continuous are used.

Oh great! That meeting after work's been cancelled. I'll go to that yoga class instead. 
I'm going to try to visit my relatives in Australia this year.
The restaurant is reserved for 8. We're having a drink at Beale's first.

Try this exercise to test your grammar.

Grammar test 1

Future plans: Grammar test 1

Grammar explanation

We use different verb forms to talk about our plans for the future, depending on what kind of plan it is: a spontaneous plan, a pre-decided plan or an arrangement. 


We use will to talk about spontaneous plans decided at the moment of speaking.

Oops, I forgot to phone Mum! I'll do it after dinner. 
I can't decide what to wear tonight. I know! I'll wear my green shirt.
There's no milk. I'll buy some when I go to the shops.

going to

We use going to to talk about plans decided before the moment of speaking.

I'm going to phone Mum after dinner. I told her I'd call at 8 o'clock.
I'm going to wear my black dress tonight. 
I'm going to go to the supermarket after work. What do we need? 

Present continuous

We usually use the present continuous when the plan is an arrangement – already confirmed with at least one other person and we know the time and place.

I'm meeting Jane at 8 o'clock on Saturday. 
We're having a party next Saturday. Would you like to come?

We often use the present continuous to ask about people's future plans.

Are you doing anything interesting this weekend?

Do this exercise to test your grammar again.

Grammar test 2

Future plans: Grammar test 2

Language level

Intermediate: B1



Help!! Can you explain me, what is the difference betwen future continuous and Present continuous? In this case, for example:
a.) I'm meeting Jane at 8 o'clock
b.) I'll be meeting Jane at 8 o'clock

Hello jazmin marquez,

The first sentence (I'm meeting) describes something which has been arranged and is already set in your (mental) diary. It is not only an intention or expectation, but an already agreed and fixed event.

The second sentence (I'll be meeting) is a little less certain. It describes something that you expect to happen, perhaps because this is something which is part of your normal daily activities, but which you do not necessarily see as absolutely certain.


Obviously, the difference here is one of emphasis and perspective. It's really about how the speaker sees the event rather than anything else, so generally the speaker can choose which form they want to use, based on what they wish to emphasise.



The LearnEnglish Team

Now I understand better, thank you very much.

seek your clarification on the time reference(present/future) of imperative sentences
Ex-if someone says"give me coffee "does it imply that it refers to immediate future or it means present time. I ask this as in example sentence where decision is made at the moment , we say "i would like to have coffee(=give me coffee) " .This sentence
appear to be talking about immediate future.

Hello Bharati

The way I see it, imperative verbs refer to a time after the time of speaking because of course the interlocutor can only act after they have heard the utterance.

That time can be immediate or it can be far in the future. Usually the context will make it clear, but if not, the only way to know is to ask the speaker what they mean.

You can say 'I'd like a coffee' when you're ordering in a restaurant; it's also common to say 'I'll have a coffee' to mean the same thing. They are not imperatives, but rather requests. As with imperatives, in my view they are speaking about a time after the time of speaking -- in this case, the near future.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kirk,
Although you feel that imperatives talk about future, I read on Englishclub website that sentence"Hold on, i will do it now" refers to present time. Similarly, at other places, grammar books talk about modal sentences/first conditional sentences representing Present or future time which we interpret to be future time only because of action happening after the time of speaking .
Can you please guide me and elaborate on the conundrum
Best regards

Hello Bharati

I'm sorry, but I'm afraid I can't help you with this other than to say that, as I'm sure you've noticed, there is no one official grammar of English and that people speak about the concept of time in relation to verb tenses in different ways.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kirk,
Thanks for clarifying .If ,i may, will the following modal verbs also like imperative verbs convey the future time in the given sentences:-
What should i do?
Can you lend me a pen?

Hello again Bharati

I'd say they imply the future, but when exactly this future is depends on the context.

All the best


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kirk,
The time reference of some sentences with modals indeed confuses me although i understand your interpretation. I read on a website (-------------. com) that in the example" She must come". (This sentence refers to obligation in the present or future.)
As per your interpretation, this sentence implies to future time only since it is an obligation after the time of speaking.
What should one make of such sentences with modals. Can it represent present time?

Best regards