Do you know when to use the future continuous (e.g. I'll be studying) and future perfect (e.g. I'll have studied)?

The future continuous (will be + ‘ing’ form) and the future perfect (will have + past participle) tenses are used to talk about events in the future.

Future continuous

  • Don’t ring at 8 o’clock. I’ll be watching Who Wants to be a Millionaire.
  • This time tomorrow we’ll be sitting on the beach. I can’t wait!

We use the future continuous to talk about something that will be in progress at or around a time in the future.

  • Don’t phone grandma now, she’ll be having dinner.
  • The kids are very quiet. They’ll be doing something wrong, I know it!

These sentences are not about the future but we can use the future continuous to talk about what we assume is happening at the moment.

Future Perfect

  • Do you think you will have finished it by next Thursday?
  • In 5 years time I’ll have finished university and I’ll be able to earn some money at last.

We use the future perfect to say that something will be finished by a particular time in the future.

We often use the future perfect with ‘by’ or ‘in

  • I think astronauts will have landed on Mars by the year 2020.
  • I’ll have finished in an hour and then you can use the computer.

By’ means ‘not later than a particular time’ and ‘in’ means 'within a period of time’. We don’t know exactly when something will finish.

  • I promise I’ll have done all the work by next Saturday.

We don’t know exactly when he will finish the work – maybe Thursday, maybe Friday – but definitely before Saturday. 


Language level

Upper intermediate: B2


Hello lucas senga,

Increasing confidence is often a question of practice, so it's important to speak English as often as possible.  To do this a partner is very helpful, so think about the people you know and consider if any of them could be a practice partner for you.  It may be that you know someone else who is also learning English and who would like to practise with you, or perhaps you know some people who do not speak your language but do speak English.  However, if you do not have a practice partner it does not mean that you cannot practise because it is possible to practise alone.  Just speaking English to yourself while you are at home, going about your normal daily activities, can help a great deal with your fluency and can help you to feel more confident, which will help you to cut down your hesitating.  This is a technique I have often used myself.  I am sure I would have looked rather strange if anyone had seen me walking around my home talking to myself, but it was very helpful and gave me a great deal of confidence in using the language out in the world.

You can also use the audio and video materials here on LearnEnglish to improve your fluency. After doing the exercises, try listening with the transcript (listening and reading). Then try saying the text yourself, and finally try saying it with (and at the same speed as) the recording. This will help you to develop speed in your speech, which is a key component of fluency.  You'll also pick up a lot of language as chunks - words which are often used together in set phrases - which you can use to communicate with less hesitation.

Finally, I would also remind you that spoken language is different from written language in terms of the audience's expectations.  In written language we expect a high level of accuracy and see errors in a negative light, whereas in spoken language we are much more forgiving.  Spoken language is more spontaneous, less planned, more prone to false starts, hesitation, changes of mind mid-sentence and so on, and you should therefore not have unreasonable expectations of yourself and not worry too much about achieving perfect accuracy and making no mistakes when speaking. Focus on speaking clearly and getting your meaning across.

I hope those suggestions are helpful.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir ,

one more time I need a solution....

"He has no alibi" && "He doesn't have any alibi".... now if I'm not wrong both the sentences are grammatically correct .

But what I want to know is that which one is more suitable between these two ?...and from a grammatical point-of-view is there any difference ?

Thanks ,
---- Shruti Aurora

Hello Shruti Aurora,

Both forms are correct and the meaning is the same.  However, remember that 'not any' is used with uncountable nouns or plural countable nouns, but not with singular countable nouns.  'Alibi' is a countable noun, therefore we would not say '*He doesn't have any alibi' but rather 'He doesn't have an alibi'.  We can use 'no' with singular countable nouns but it sounds quite formal, so 'He hasn't got a chair' is much more common than 'He has no chair'.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Peter ,

Thank you sir.... it will help me.... thanks..

---- Shruti

Can anyone help me make these into present tense.

1. In ancient Rome, there lived a poor slave named Androcles. His cruel master made him work from
daybreak until long past nightfall. Androcles had very little time to rest and very little to eat. One day, he decided to run away from his harsh master, eventhough he would be breaking the law.

2. In the dark of night, Amdrocles got up from the miserable heap of straw and rags that served as his bed. Crouching low so he was no taller than the bushes that dotted the fields, the young slave moved swiftly away from his master's land.

3. Clouds covered the moon that night, and Androcles crossed the open fields unseen. It was only when he came to the wild woods that Androcles dared to stand up tall.

4. Androcles found a sheltered place at the foot of a tall tree. There lay himself down on a bed of pine needles and fell fast asleep.

5. When Androcles awoke, he hiked deeper into the woods so he wouldn't be found by his master. There he looked for water and simething to eat. But other than a few berries, there was no food to be found.

6. Day after day, Androcles searched for food. And day after day, he went hungry. Androcles grew so weary and weak that at last he was afraid he wouldn't live through the night. He had just enough strenght to creep up to the mouth of a cave that he had passed many times. Androcles crawled into the cave and fell into deep sleep.

Thank you

Hello Mig, it's easy to change the text into present tense.Just use I Form of verb instead of II. For example: ...there lives a poor slave .... his master makes him.... he has little time to rest...he decides to run away .... and so on. I hope this will help you.

pls help me i do not understand been verb? i have been working for two hours? has she been in

Hello sunita das,

'Been' is the third form (past participle) of 'be' and is often used as an auxiliary verb (also called helper verbs) in a number of different tenses and verb forms.  For example, your first sentence ('I have been working for two hours') is an example of a present perfect continuous form and your second sentence ('Has she been to Canada') is a present perfect simple sentence.  These forms are constructed from several elements, including 'been' and it's best not to consider the meaning of the individual elements, but to focus on the meaning and use of the tense or verb form as a whole.

You can find more about present perfect forms here and more about continuous forms here.

I hope that helps to clarify it for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team


I need some help with these;

If there is spillage, do not use the broom until the spill "is cleaned."

spill is cleaned or has been cleaned?

Another example would be;

Make sure the equipment "has dried/is dry/is dried" after cleaning.

Thank you.

Hi cadbury555,

In the first case you mention, I, like you, think that has been cleaned is more precise - it makes it clear that the spillage should no longer be present before the broom is used. Sometimes in subordinate clauses, verb tenses are simplified if the time is already clear from the form of the main verb. In this case, the time is not all that clear from the main verb, but it seems that whoever wrote this simplified the verb in the subordinate clause anyway. This sometimes happens, as the meaning is fairly evident, but has been cleaned would be more clear.

The second case is similar in some ways, though is dry and is dried are different contructions because they are not verbs but rather a verb (is) plus an adjective (dry or dried). As you can see in the dictionary, dried is normally used to refer to flowers or fruit and dry is used in the more general sense. Thus is dried in this sentence is perhaps strictly speaking not correct, but given the context, the meaning is clear.

I hope that helps.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team