Do you know how to contrast things using in spite of, despite and although?

 

in spite of / despite / although

In spite of, despite and although are all used to show a contrast but there are differences in the structures used with them.

In spite of / despite

After in spite of and despite we use a noun or a pronoun.

  • We enjoyed our camping holiday in spite of the rain.
  • Despite the pain in his leg he completed the marathon.
  • Despite having all the necessary qualifications, they didn’t offer me the job.

Remember that the gerund (‘-ing’ form) is the ‘noun’ form of a verb.

The only difference between in spite of and despite is the ‘of’.

  • Despite of the bad weather, there was a large crowd at the match.

Although

After although we use a subject and a verb.

  • We enjoyed our camping holiday although it rained every day.
  • Although he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
  • The holiday was great although the hotel wasn’t very nice.

We can use in spite of and despite with a subject and verb if we include the expression ‘the fact that’.

  • In spite of the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.
  • Despite the fact that he worked very hard, he didn’t manage to pass the exam.

Even though

Even though is a slightly stronger form of although.

  • We decided to buy the house even though we didn’t really have enough money.
  • You keep making that stupid noise even though I’ve asked you to stop three times.

Like although, even though is followed by a subject and a verb.

 

Exercise

Language level

Intermediate: B1

Comments

Yes, I'm succeeded this level, I get out of 5 to 5

Dear sir, can we use though or although and yet together in a sentence?? If yes, then what are the conditions?? Is the following sentence correct ??
Though he is rich, yet he doesn't help anyone.

Hello Pratapsingh.

When we speak, we often change what our sentences before finishing them, and so in a case like that it would be possible, but otherwise, off the top of my head, I can't think of a sentence when you could use 'though' and 'yet' at the same time. You could say 'Though he is rich, he doesn't help anyone' or 'He is rich and yet he doesn't help anyone'.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,

May I know if it is necessary to use past perfect tense in sentences with 'in spite of the fact that'?

E.g. In spite of the fact that she worked hard, she failed the test.
In spite of the fact that she had worked hard, she failed the test.

Are both acceptable?

Hello Leen

Yes, both of these sentences are correct and even other tenses are possible, e.g. 'In spite of the fact that I live in Spain, I am not Spanish.'

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

I need a similar meaning. Would be very nice if someone would help.

In spite of the doctor's orders, she went to the game.

And: She went to the game anyway, doctor's orders __________. (1 word)

Hello Marakistef

You could say 'notwithstanding' there and it would have the same meaning.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

It is a useful exercise.

Hello,

I have constructed a sentence using 'although' . Could you please tell me if there this is correct?

Although innovation is important for progression of humanity, removing traditions completely from our society would not greatly enhance the prospects of progress.

Hello Donald,

That sentence has only one error: it should be the progression of humanity.

The definite article is necessary here.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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