The International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples on 9 August is a day to promote indigenous peoples' rights and celebrate indigenous communities, from the Inuit in the Arctic Circle to the Tuareg in the deserts of northern Africa.

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Since 1994 the UN has celebrated the International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples on 9 August with special events, conferences and meetings around the world.

Who are the indigenous peoples of the world?

Indigenous people are the first people to live in a particular place – the original population that first created a community on that land before other people came to live in, conquer or colonise the area. People self-identify as indigenous. That means they decide for themselves whether they consider themselves to be indigenous. 

There are more than 350 million indigenous people living in 90 countries. They represent 5,000 different cultures and speak the great majority of the thousands of languages that are spoken around the world today. Indigenous communities often have distinct beliefs, culture and customs. Many indigenous people still live in very close contact with the land, with a respect for and understanding of their natural surroundings. 

What challenges do they face?

Indigenous peoples are not the dominant groups in the societies they live in. The dominant groups are the people that arrived later. This means that indigenous peoples have suffered from many problems related to a lack of economic power, social protection and political representation.

Although indigenous people make up less than five per cent of the world's total population, they represent 15 per cent of the world's poorest people. They are more likely to have limited access to healthcare and education, and members of indigenous communities live shorter lives than non-indigenous groups. Their languages are not normally taught in schools, and many of these languages are in danger of disappearing. It is estimated that one indigenous language is lost every two weeks. 

Many indigenous peoples do not have control over their land. Governments and companies take their land to cut down trees, to farm cows or for other activities that use these natural resources and damage the environment. This often forces indigenous people to leave their land, losing their ancestral homes and their source of wealth and food.

What has been done?

Recently, in New Zealand, one of the local Maori tribes won a legal battle to protect the river that runs through their land. The new law protects the river as if it were a person, a Maori ancestor or a member of the tribe. Another historic legal battle was won by the Waorani people of Ecuador, when they successfully stopped 500,000 acres of Amazonian rainforest from being mined by oil companies.

Making sure indigenous peoples have legal rights over their land and resources is a matter of human rights. It also brings environmental benefits to the planet. Deforestation rates in Bolivia, Brazil and Colombia were two to three times lower in forests officially belonging to indigenous communities. 

Progress made by indigenous communities is supported by the 2007 UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, a document that has been agreed on by 148 countries. Importantly, the declaration defends indigenous peoples' right to make decisions about the use and protection of their ancestral land. It also sets out many rights, including indigenous peoples' rights to education and healthcare, participation in political and legal processes and the protection of indigenous languages. 

What more needs to be done? 

Despite the progress made, indigenous communities still legally own only a very small percentage of their land globally. The UN document is an important step, but more countries need to commit to it, and the countries that have signed need to do what they have promised. All around the world, indigenous people are fighting for their rights, as well as protesting against deforestation and climate change. Part of the movement to support them is the celebration of the International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples on 9 August. Why not join in?

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I was born and live in Belarus, in my ancestral land.
I think the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples is observed to recognize the achievements that indigenous people make to improve world issues such as environmental protection and to contribute to save indigenous cultures. For example, Tamya Morán as a kichwa from Ecuador surprises all the World presenting songs as a fusion of andean music with jazz. In the Mexican state of Jalisco The Ópera Mixe are performance in mixteco, maya or zapoteco and has the first Indigenous woman soprano, who prepared to her role during 10 years.

In my country we have more than 50 indigenous peoples, so it's hard to deal with all of them fairly. First, about their languages and education, they can use their own languages but have to learn Vietnamese only in Kinhers' schools; Kinhers are the dominant group in the country. When engaging the schools, indigenous childrens will get supports such as shelters, facilities, stationery or added marks when participating in universities. Second, some of them can join the parliament to legally represent their tribes, but in fact they are like puppets just to show with UN that we follow the UN declaration, furthermore, because our country is a communism mechanism without real law, election or parliament. Third, some of them have been losing their land for deforestation, farm and resources. It's easy to understand the reason because they living on a lucrative source of wealth and food. Apart from losing the lucrative land, they also have to move to nearby countries to live because of their religions which have been one of the main reasons of Vietnamese government push them away of their ancestral places. The government alleged them as rebels or protesters who were trying to make a new nation, but the truth as I've known is not like that. The true is they are loyal with their religions, churches, Jesus and bibles, and they don't want to live as the ways they have been said have to. Their loyalty is worth of leaving the country and living as lawless refuges in nearby countries. It's a great pity.

Indiginous people are the first one who lived in a place. They have distinct beliefs, culture and custom. There are a lot of such people all around the world. They make up less five percent of the total global population, but they represent up t0 15 percent of the world's poorest people. They are likely to have limited access to healthcare and education, and their life span seem relatively shorter than non-indiginous groups. What's more, part of their ancesstors' land was lost, as governments and companies take over these land for farming cows, cultivating agriculture and other activities that use natural resources and damage the environment. More importantly, their languages are disappearing because no one knows how to speak. So what needs to be done is to help these people gain economic power, social protection and political representation. I completely support the idea that indiginous communities should be exposed to better healthcare and education which governments, the agent is born to defend the underdog, can facilitate as much as possible.

Hello! Sorry, I have a doubt, according to my knowledge "people" is the plural form for "person", but why is written "peoples" in here, with a "s" at the end?

Hello Tony son of Gondor

When 'people' refers to all the people in a particular culture or nation (as it does here), it can be singular ('people') or plural ('peoples'). Since this article is about people from different indigenous nations all around the world, 'peoples' is used here.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

I know white people colonized many countries specially America and Canada. They fought with indigenous people, took their land , and made them to obey their rules. They are talking about human right, but if you go to Canada you see indigenous people still doesn't have good living condition. They have to travel long distance to access to a hospital. They have dangerous deseases.

I know how American killed red skin people who didn't want those strangers in their land. and now thay take their land and own the country the way you never think about indian people when you talk about America.