Valentine's Day is celebrated in many countries, but what are the differences between today's celebration and in the past? Read the text to find out some curious facts about the most romantic day of the year.

Do the preparation task first. Then read the article and do the exercises.

Valentine's Day is on 14 February, and it can seem as if the world is full of couples who are celebrating their love. Some couples might celebrate with dinner at a nice restaurant, flowers, chocolates or other presents. Some single people might put a post on social media about why they hate 'V-Day' or maybe they just avoid it completely. But it's impossible not to know that Valentine's is happening. And that's not surprising when over half of all Brits and Americans celebrate Valentine's in some way.

The price of love

For most of these romantic people, Valentine's Day means spending money. British people spend much less than Americans. The average Brit spends £28.45, while the average American spends $221.34 (approximately £170.81). Interestingly, in the UK, all three adult generations are likely to buy something for Valentine's (around 68–69% of them). But in the USA, millennials spend slightly more than Generation X, and both spend almost a third more than baby-boomers. Across all generations, on both sides of the Atlantic, men spend more money than women. 

The beginning of modern Valentine's Day

Today Valentine's is celebrated in Canada, Mexico, France, Denmark, Italy and Australia as well as the USA and England. But it's the USA where the celebration really became mass market, because of a woman called Esther Howland. She became known as the 'mother of Valentine's' after she created a successful business making and selling greetings cards in the 1840s. She got the idea from valentine cards from Europe that were decorated with lace and flowers and were very expensive. Then, in the early 1900s, two things happened that meant valentine cards became really popular: cheap printed cards were made by the greeting cards company, Hallmark, and the price of postage stamps fell.

Vinegar valentines

At about the same time as this, another kind of valentine card was popular. 'Vinegar valentines' were nasty, anonymous cards that people sent to someone they didn't like. This pre-social media way of trolling people was popular for a hundred years, but not many examples of the cards are in museums today. Museums have big collections of traditional valentine cards, but it's no surprise that not many people kept an unkind valentine card.

Further back in history

Valentine's Day has been celebrated in some way for 600 years. As far back as the 17th century, people gave cards or presents, but the very first valentine messages were written down in the 1400s. In 1415, the Duke of Orleans in France sent his wife a Valentine's Day letter while he was in prison in the Tower of London after the Battle of Agincourt. It is the earliest example of a written valentine message. However, the exact history of Valentine's Day is not known because there were three saints with the name Valentine. One story says that Valentine was a priest. He performed marriages at a time when the Emperor thought that single men were better soldiers than married men. The Emperor was so angry that he punished him with death. Another story says that Valentine helped Christians escape from Roman prisons. A third story says he sent a letter to a girl while he was in prison and signed it 'From your Valentine'.

Whichever story is true, the Catholic Church chose 14 February for St Valentine's Day in AD 270. They probably wanted to replace the pagan festival of Lupercalia on 15 February with the new Christian celebration.

Discussion

Download

Language level

Intermediate: B1

Comments

I don't celebrate Valentine's day .I'm single men,but I not hate it even though I haven't girl friend.I think Valentine's day is not important for couple because it is just celebration .Some people enjoy Valentaine's day with chocolate that decorated by women.Men who receive chocolate from girl eat chocolate at a home.handsome would get chocolate a lot .

Hello everyone,

Valentine's day depented capitalist system. the big companies support this system. We are this system puppet. We must love darlings but we can achieve don't spend money.

Couldn't agree more. I respect your perceptive remark!
+。:.゚ヽ(*´∀)ノ゚.:。+゚

Hello everyone,

I can't good write . My writing is bad but I never give up. I always try. Anyway, I don't believe valentine's day. I thınk Valentine's day isn't just one day. It must everyday.

Hi cuneyt,
Agree, except "I can't good write. My writing is bad"!
_〆┤’-‘*├

I respect everyone who celebrates Valentine's Day. but it is not important day for m. gifts, roses etc. very cliché .I think it's too late for me to fall in love with a person.
It may sound very romantic, but it makes more sense to fall in love with the sunrise, the tree, the seasons, a beautiful book or music, the smell of coffee...

Roses are red, violets are blue,
Honey is sweet, and so are you!

    ♥ ♥ ♥   ♥ ♥ ♥
   ♥     ♥      ♥
  ♥  ∧_∧  ∧_∧  ♥
 ♥ ( ´∀`)(´∀` ) ♥
  ♥( つ つ ⊂⊂  ) ♥
   ♥         ♥
     ♥     ♥
        ♥

Sweetheart, VIOLETS AREN'T BLUE, colours violet and purple look similar, but violet is a spectral color, with its own set of wavelengths on the spectrum of visible light. Purple is a dichromatic color, made by combining blue and red. Colours are important things as the smells. xx

Valentine, Thank you for pointing it out. Yes, you're absolutely right.
You know, as is usually claimed, "Poetry is when an emotion has found its thought and the thought has found words", I think the word "blue" in the poetry is all that is needed to imagine purple as well with the rhyme word "red" since we know that red and blue make purple. What do you think about this quoate? " It is only with the heart that one can see rightly; what is essential is invisible to the eye." xx
ෆ⃛ෆ⃛ෆ⃛ ♡♡[τ̲̅н̲̅a̲̅и̲̅κ̲̅ ч̲̅o̲̅u̲̅]ᴗ͈ₒᴗ͈♡

I spend less money but more time to celebrate priceless Valentine's Day....!

.☆.*・((ε(*’-‘)_/゚・:*:・。☆【Happy Valentine】☆。・:*:・゚\_(‘-‘*)з))・*.☆

 ∧_∧ +
.(*`・ω・)
./つγ⌒v⌒ヽ
しー( LOVE )
   \  /(゚∀゚)
    `v” ⊂  ∪

Pages