Listen to an extract of an interview with a professor of Business Studies about the subject of motivation.

Do the Preparation task first. Then listen to the audio. Next go to each Task and do the activity. If you need help, you can read the transcript at any time.


Language level

Upper intermediate: B2


Hello Ahmed,

I wish I could give you an answer, but it really depends on too many things. First of all, each learner is different: some learn more quickly, some more slowly; some are able to pick up on pronunciation quickly, while others cannot. Some people have more time available to study and practise, and some people are more motivated to keep going when progress seems slow. I'm afraid there is no one answer to this, but I can tell you that I have never met a single person who was not able to succeed in this, provided they persevere. After all, we have all already successfully learned at least one language!

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi to All, joined learn English few minutes ago. am eager to better my English Language. Thanks to British Council.

Please explain to me the follow questions: 1. "...the manager's job is to get the job done...manager's job has to motivate their works". So when we use "be to+infinitive " and "have/has+infinitive". What is different?
2. "... the manager started to taking an interested in their workers....the manager started to talk to the worker and encouraged them to get involved in decision-making". So why in the same passive situation and all of the things were worked but you use "started +v-ing" and "started + to + infinitive"?
3. "...turn to a 15 million dollar loss into a 100 million dollar profit..." I don't understand whey you didn't use dollar with "s" (dollars) and why you have to use "a" before 15 million and 100 million.

Thank you for your response.

Nguyen thi Binh

Hello Nguyen thi Binh,

I'm afraid it's not possible for us to answer a list of questions like this. We have many thousands of users and we simply don't have time to provide such detailed information.

1. The second example is incorrect. We cannot say 'The manager's job has to motivate their works'.

2. 'Start' can be followed by either -ing or the infintive with 'to'. For more information see here and here.

3. In this sentence '15 million dollar' is acting as an adjective. It is similar to 'a ten-year-

old boy' or 'a five-day break'.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi! Its first day for me study IELTS, and britis council is soo good. Thank you.
Please be my friend. I need friend to help me to practice my english.

HI, I start the class today, I like to learn english because I want to present the IETLS

Hello Marye3112,

Welcome – we're glad you found us! Most of the material on LearnEnglish should be useful for you, but I wanted to point out our IELTS section and also recommend TakeIELTS, which has lots of useful advice and information about the test, as well as free practice materials.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Today is the first class and it was good to learn

Hi today is my first day i hope to learn English very fast
Thank you

Thank you British Council.
I love your website .